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Minorca has more dune systems than any other Balearic Island. Despite suffering the effects of tourism on the coasts, only a few dune systems have disappeared: those at Son Xoriguer and Cala en Bosc, in Ciutadella, and the dunes at Punta Prima in Sant Lluís. There are 28 dune systems in Minorca, all at different stages of preservation, and despite facing constant erosion, they are clearly identifiable as dune fields forming beach-dune systems. Beach-dune systems are formed by two units: a submerged beach, where posidonia oceanica meadows are found – these submerged bars are hidden from sight but shape the beach and the emerged system, where the beach and linked dune system are located. Dune systems Minorca has more dune systems than any other Balearic Island. Despite suffering the effects of tourism on the coasts, only a few dune systems have disappeared: those at Son Xoriguer and Cala en Bosc, in Ciutadella, and the dunes at Punta Prima in Sant Lluís. There are 28 dune systems in Minorca, all at different stages of preservation, and despite facing constant erosion, they are clearly identifiable as dune fields forming beach-dune systems. Beach-dune systems are formed by two units: a submerged beach, where posidonia oceanica meadows are found – these submerged bars are hidden from sight but shape the beach; and the emerged system, where the beach and linked dune system are located. Read more
 

Dune systems

Minorca has more dune systems than any other Balearic Island. Despite suffering the effects of tourism on the coasts, only a few dune systems have disappeared: those at Son Xoriguer and Cala en Bosc, in Ciutadella, and the dunes at Punta Prima in Sant Lluís. There are 28 dune systems in Minorca, all at different stages of preservation, and despite facing constant erosion, they are clearly identifiable as dune fields forming beach-dune systems. Beach-dune systems are formed by two units: a submerged beach, where posidonia oceanica meadows are found – these submerged bars are hidden from sight but shape the beach; and the emerged system, where the beach and linked dune system are located.


These dune systems are formed by three sections: unstable foredunes; the semi-established primary or yellow dunes and the established secondary or grey dunes, each dune is colonised by distinctive vegetation. The most sensitive parts of this complex system are the foredunes, as any erosion of this thin dynamic line of dunes may have a dramatic effect on the submerged system, leading to erosion within the dunes and the beach itself. The submerged system can be damaged by different factors, such as the erosion of the posidonia oceanica banks, the construction of jetties and piers, or the dumping of contaminated water.


   
 
 
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