about
Information about Menorca
explore
Things to see and do
information
Information of general interest
Buscar
Ingles
Español Catalán Alemán Frances Italiano
Minorca Talayotic - World Heritage Nomination
Bienvenidos
Menorca Cultural
Menorca tourism official website
Related links
Recommendations
Cultural Events
Christmas program in AlaiorConcert: RUT66Concert: "Dues Pedres"PNA 2012 + C'M = Artesania ContemporàniaEquestrian Show Somni de Menorca Talaiòtica
Concert: "Un Nadal clàssic""Quatre Passeigs per Maó"Tomeu Penya concertWorld Tourism DayConcert: Dulce PontesNight Market in FerreriesWorld Tourism DayViejóvenesTaller: Ocells de tardorFull Moon Concert in Torre d'en Galmés "Opera Armónica al estilo Italiano"Maó+ FlorsCarmen Morente, bailaoraGigi McFarlane in concertEdgar and Adrian German Plain, poetic jazz improvisationXI Tapas Route in Es CastellEls EnamoratsForum ONLINERS- MenorcaShow cooking: "Peix de Menorca""Mascles"Trio "Arrels" Illes Balears celebration day 2015“Soldier’s Tale” (Igor Stravinsky)HécubaOpera Concert"De Llevant a Ponent" - MaóDolça Sodoma mevaExhibition: "Joan Miró: La luz de la noche"Seminar: "EL clima del segle XXI"Fridays lent menu!Concert: El Bel Canto de Mariola Cantarero and Simón OrfilaChristmas program in Es Castell 2013/2014Concert: Joana Pons i Ses GuiterresCelebration of the National Day of Andalucia 2015Concert: Banda de Música des Migjorn GranCala en Porter FiestasCiutadella Monuments ItinerayChristmas program in Es Mercadal and Fornells"Quatre Passeigs per Maó""Música Oberta": Concert with Belén Roig- soprano and Husan Park-pianistMenorca Aim: Photography WorkshopM-SONA FestivalEl pou de na PatarràThe Royal Russell School Chamber Choir in concertYacine & The Oriental Groove in concert"Nits al Port de Mo"Recital Lírico a beneficio de la Fundación Vicente FerrerDurny Sweet in concertRamon Coll ConcertQuè ens està passant?"Els dimecres es dia de Brou"Magic Show: IlusiónJoan Mesquida Jazz QuartetEl Estanque DoradoJoana Pons y sus guitarras concertChamber Music Orchestra of the Island of Menorca (OCIM)Concert: Lluis SintesConcert: "Estàndards amb GlacéMoon RiverOlivia y EugenioSilvia Pérez Cruz and Raül Fernandez MiróNits de Música al CarrerOpera: La TraviataSmooth SoulCafé Soul QuartetFrancesc d'Albarnca 2014 RouteOpera and Light Opera concert"De Llevant a Ponent" - CiutadellaCiutadella walking tour "L'alegria que passa" & "Lord of the flies"Tapas x MenorcaMahón MedievalChristmas program in Es Migjorn"Cantam nadales amb Cap Pela""Interestelando, el polvo del camino para nunca morir" ShowGastronomic days in Es Mercadal"Doce hombres sin piedad"Conference with Ramon GenerVilallonga-PalatchiSouvenir Orquestra- Pepino PascualPascuala Ilabaca y Faunat in concertNew Year ConcertConvert: Kiev PortellDía Mundial de la TapaKayak tour in s'Albufera des GrauLatin-jazz and sour concert"Menorca en el plato"Mostra de cuina menorquinaRosario Flores in concertChristmas program in Mahón1st POP-ROCK SHOW-Fetival Menorca 2014David GuapoSergio Dalma returns to the Principal theatreJungle Book, the musical"Moments a Cor" concertParty Love in Sant ClimentPoetry recital in tribute to Angel Ruiz and Pablo"Cosmètica natural artesana"Concert: Olga RománTUTTO VERDI ConcertChristmas program in Mahón 2013/2014Nit de Sant AntoniPatricia KrausCor de l'Orfeó Maonès" Empresa turística y contratación: una visión práctica" CourseContemporary Jazz Concert S'Albufera des Grau walking tourGastronomic days in es Mercadal & FornellsJornadas Gastronómicas "Menu Km 0"Cris Juanico ConcertMarina Rossell in concertAlairePainting exhibition "The Seas Islands"Carlos Mena and Susana García de SalazarThe best Tribute to QueenMenorca ConquestTapas x MenorcaChristmas program in Es Castell3, 2, 1 IMPRO con IMPRO XOU en AKELARRE JAZZ DANCENight Market in AlaiorHistoric Performance Cultural RouteLa Bella HelenaWorld Dance Day"Els dimecres es dia de Brou"MIRA EL CEL I ESCOLTA... L'ALÈ D'UN POBLETremendamenteExhibition: "Eines i feines de Camp""Vi de la Terra" Fair"Orfeó-Chef" & "Sueño de una noche de verano"Theater: Tres días de diciembre"El dia Més Curt"Pink Floyd- Live Experience ConecertPOP Concert"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"El Trocadero"Aprende a guiar rutas de esnórquel" Course "Un Nadal amb Música" ConcertTaller: Les plantes medicinals. Per una bona salut física i emocionalDe Verden CuandoThe British FairGuided tour in s'Albufera des GrauLa Vie, L'amour concertLove Party 2013Tapas x Menorca"Domini Públic"- Roger Benat/FFFAgustín "El Casta"NON STOP GospelI Jornadas Gastronómicas de carne de cordero de MenorcaTaller documental: DOC- MÈDITConcert: Josu OkiñenaU2 ExperienceChristmas ConcertUIMIR Course: Diseño y elaboración de Webquest, una propuesta para integrar las TIC en el aulaPablo Alborán in concertSpanish guitar recitalsGospel GrooveBroadway Festival Alaior 2013XXV Escuela de Salud Pública de MenorcaII Forum Menorca- Mario AlonsoSiniestro Total"Vino y Besos a crédito"Vaca' Street ArtConcert: Arrels de Menorca"El pou de na Patarrà" ConcertConcert: "Trio Barroc"Concert: Nicola Benedetti, violinDavid Bisbal in concertChristmas program in Es Migjnorn Gran 2013II Ruta Mô de "tapas"Muchachito y sus compadresLa IAIA in concertConcert: "Trio Barroc"MenorkidsTaxiHeidiEs Migjorn Band concertGastronomic days: "Peix de Menorca"Don Juan Tenorio"Cafe Concert"Tapas x MenorcaChamber orchestra "Illa de Menorca"Concert: Rita BarberMenorca Craft beer fair Exhibition: "Menorca Contemporània"Shanti & Joan Mesquida Big Band: Night and dayDon Juan TenorioDance: "Para raptar abarzos"Feria de Abril in Es Castell"Diada del poble de Menorca"Kayak tour in s'Albufera des GrauLove of Lesbian in concertJam Session con Viat Jam - AKELARRE JAZZ DANCEMonologue: Sara EscuderoFlamenco with Dani Morón, Alejandro de Jerez, Jeranys Pérez and Víctor MéndezJaume Tugores Trios concertVíctor Ullate BalletRepresentació històrica Ruta Cultural - Menorca BritánicaXXVI Escuela de Salud Pública de MenorcaLa plaza del Diamante con LolitaVeus per Sant Joan del VergersThe Billy Young Band- AC&DC TributeConcert: "Txarango"Concert conjunt Coral Espígol i Cor de l'Orfeó MaonèsMotorbreath- Tributo a MetálicaForum de Turismo y GastronomíaKiko VenenoRita Barber concertTrending Tronching, with Leo Harlem & Sergio OlallaAlaior's Air-raid shelters visitsMercat de nit - Ferreries"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"MarinaSpring ConcertSpanish Guitar Recitals"Fira del Llibre en català"Dimarts as MigjornMÈDIT, Festival de Cinema Mediterrani de MenorcaBodas de SangreUIMIR Course: El turismo arqueológico, un nicho de turismo especializado en el MediterráneoConcert: "Veus líriques de Menorca"Exhibition "Like no place else. Menorca and tourism 1911-2017"Lazareto guided tours 2015David Russell in concert"Nits al Port"Lazareto Island guided visits 2013Concert: Maria Camps i Pere ArguimbauCenicientaShow: "Novecento, el so italià al cinema"Gospel Concert: Moments a CorChristmas program in Sant Lluis 2013/2014Fidewá + Dj Flowers ConcertLazareto guided tours" SA CARTA "X Anniversary Celebration "Art in Moviment"II Forum Menorca- Toni Nadal"Menorca en el Plato""Herodes, Rei"International Museum DayEl superbarber de SevillaXVIII Menorcan Horse Breed FairShow: "Sa Xaranga des Xubec"Knowing the sea kayakingCruz y Raya+ Flamenco ShowChamber orchestra "Illa de Menorca""Aladín, Un musical genial" The Billy Young Band- AC/DC TributeConcert: Anthony WellingtonMusic & Painting Fusion IIChristmas program in FerreriesMatthew McDaid in concertBinisoundTourism International DayABBEY ROAD - THE BEATLES SHOWTaller documental: DOC- MÈDITEnsemble MéridienMiguel Poveda, singer-song writerJosé Domingo in concert"Mostra de cuina menorquina"Music on the streetFernando SavaterDivinas presenta ParadísThe Nutcracker Suite"Vesprades d'Art des Mercadal"Sofia Ribeiro GroupStabat Mater i Quintet de CordaSara Pi in concertQuartet GerhardSummer ConcertUIMIR Course: "La conservación de la biodiversidad"New Year Concert"Joana Pons amb ses guitarres" ConcertRed ArrowsMahón walking tourMarili Machado: una voz, un mar de vidasMercat de nit artesà- AlaiorCabosanroque- Cabo and RoqueGastronomic Fair "GastroMô"La núvia d’AlgendarBerto Romero en Sigue con nosotrosUn món de sons"Las dunas"Fort Marlborough VisitOpen Doors Day at Fort MarlboroughCala en Porter Fiestas CarmenVandalisConcert: Margalida Moll"Nostálgico Café Teatro Salón"Carmen MorenteConcert of Light OperaMostra de Cuina MenorquinaAlbert Pla & Diego CortésElkano Browning CreamChristmas program in Alaior 2013/2014"Ilusión"Sherlock Holmes y el cuadro mágicoSanti Millán Live!VII "TROBADA BALEAR DE VEHICULOS ANTIGUOS""Nits Màgiques" in Es CastellCarlos Latre ShowMèdit 6-Mediterranean Film Festival of MenorcaLUZ CASAL in concertGran Migjornale"Nits de música al carrer" 2015 Fira del Camp de MenorcaII Menorcan Lamb special gastronomic daysChristmas program in Ferreries 2013/2014Musica Reservata and Juan de la RubiaHistoric Performance Cultural RouteOrgan concertFornells Walking tourAmantesIX Feria del Libro en CatalánExhibition: "L'Art comença amb els teus ulls"Andrea Motis & Joan Chamorro Group"Dimarts as Migjorn"Gastronomic days: "de Peix""Vuelta y Vuelta" returns to PrincipalThe Mimmisikous BandROSANA- Gira 8 LunasChristmas ConcertTapas dayConcert: Quintet FrontelaUIMIR: "Emprendimiento innovador, microempresa y empleabilidad en red"Concert: "De Camí a Betlem"Menorca Aim: Photography WorkshopConcert: Pau Cardona, violonchcehello and Ulyana Popovych, pianoGuided Visits around Es MercadalPels PèlsDeep Purple TributeConcert: Olga RománPainting Exhibition: A. López Navarro"Viaje a la Luna"- Circo Gran Fele13th Night Market CraftsmanThe GagfatherPedra Viva 2015- Lithica
More...
Menorca Cultural
Share:   Publicar en facebook  Publicar en twitter

Talayotic Route

The earliest traces of human occupation date from 2100 B.C. Since that time up to the arrival of the Romans in 123 B.C., the island’s Prehistory unfolded in various stages. One of Menorca's most emblematic buildings, found only on the island, are the “navetas”, collective burial monuments containing up to a hundred individuals together with their grave goods, like the Es Tudons naveta near Ciutadella, with remains dating back mainly to the 9th century B.C. The “talayots”, conical dry stone towers, were built between 1000 and 700 B.C. Their main purpose was to keep watch over the surrounding area, as well as to provide a focal point for the communities living around them. During this time, known as the Talayotic period, burial caves were dug out of the cliffs in coves and ravines like the Calascoves necropolis near Alaior. The oldest are small, rounded or oval-shaped and are located in elevated areas that are difficult to reach. The post-Talayotic period started in 650 B.C. This was the time when the “taula” sanctuaries, Menorca’s most unique and distinctive constructions, were built. The enclosures are built on a horseshoe-shaped base with a concave front. They were used for human and soil fertility rituals, involving the sacrifice of domestic animals, wine libations and the symbolic breakage of amphorae.
Evidence shows that fire played a ritual and symbolic role in all these monuments. The circular houses built in the settlements were about 75-79 square metres in size. The largest known dwelling of this kind is the “Círculo Cartailhac” in the Torre d'en Galmés settlement in Alaior and dates from the 2nd century B.C. The occupants cooked, did their weaving, made cheese and milled cereal all under the same roof. The houses consisted of a central patio area, rooms with dividing doorways, a fireplace and a larder. They were built from large blocks of stone and the roof was made of wooden beams, earth and small stones. The building attached to one side of the houses is known as the hypostyle room because of the huge interlinked stone slabs forming the roof and held up by pillars. It was used as a store.
The islanders made their own handcrafted pottery using rudimentary ovens and they also produced bronze tools and utensils. They did not use coins for trading and they left no markings or rock paintings. They had no use for gold or silver as their most valuable items were made of bronze and iron. In their earliest period they built strong trading bonds with Central Europe and later with commercial cities along the Mediterranean coast.


  Next
The Es Tudons naveta is Menorca’s most famous burial monument and is a type of tomb found only on the island. It was built using the Cyclopean technique, meaning that medium sized stones were used and they were fitted together using a dry stone walling method, with no mortar. During an archaeological dig carried out in the 1960s, led by Menorcan archaeologist María Lluïsa Serra, the scattered skeletons of a hundred individuals of both genders and all ages were discovered, many of which dated back to the 9th century B.C.Naveta des Tudons The Es Tudons naveta is Menorca’s most famous burial monument and is a type of tomb found only on the island. It was built using the Cyclopean technique, meaning that medium sized stones were used and they were fitted together using a dry stone walling method, with no mortar. During an archaeological dig carried out in the 1960s, led by Menorcan archaeologist María Lluïsa Serra, the scattered skeletons of a hundred individuals of both genders and all ages were discovered, many of which dated back to the 9th century B.C.
Detail of the gap that have appeared over time in the naveta roof,
which consists of flat stone slabs.

Inside the naveta. You can see how it is split into two levels separated by stone slabs.

View of the upper chamber of the naveta, showing the different types of stone used to build it: smaller and evenly-shaped for the walls and large flat slabs for the roof and the upper floor.

View of the entrance door from inside the lower chamber. You can see the stone slabs separating the two floors.

Some of the burial goods found in the naveta during archaeological excavation work. They are on display in the Museum of Menorca in Maó.
Read more
 
An emblematic and spectacular prehistoric necropolis, both for its setting and for the large number of tombs in it. They take the form of a set of cavities excavated from the rock walls of the ravines and coastal cliff faces (about 90 altogether), used by local communities to bury their dead. Several types of cave have been documented. The necropolis was used for about 1000 years, from the 11th century B.C. up until the Romans took control.Calescoves necropolis An emblematic and spectacular prehistoric necropolis, both for its setting and for the large number of tombs in it. They take the form of a set of cavities excavated from the rock walls of the ravines and coastal cliff faces (about 90 altogether), used by local communities to bury their dead. Several types of cave have been documented. The necropolis was used for about 1000 years, from the 11th century B.C. up until the Romans took control. Read more
 
The settlement of Trepucó is one of the largest on the island, covering an area of around 49,240 square metres. Today, only a small part of the site can still be seen, the two oldest buildings, the talaiots (1000-700 B.C.). Other remains include parts of the wall, two square towers on the west wall, the taula enclosure and traces of dwellings from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.).Trepucó talayotic settlement The settlement of Trepucó is one of the largest on the island, covering an area of around 49,240 square metres. Today, only a small part of the site can still be seen, the two oldest buildings, the talaiots (1000-700 B.C.). Other remains include parts of the wall, two square towers on the west wall, the taula enclosure and traces of dwellings from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.).
The taula enclosure is one of the biggest on the island, despite having been subjected to what, by today’s standards, would be considered clumsy restoration work. This is one of the sites excavated around 1930 by Margaret Murray, a British archaeologist who was a pioneer of scientific research on Prehistoric Menorca.
Read more
 
The Municipal Museum of Ciutadella – Bastió de sa Font, is a general history and archaeological museum with a permanent exhibition on the history of Ciutadella and of the island itself from prehistoric times through to the Muslim era and the arrival of king Alfonso III in 1287. Visitors can take a tour through the island's various historical periods, represented by the archaeological remains and artefacts on display.
The Historic and Artistic Museum of Ciutadella was officially opened in 1935 on the ground floor of the Town Hall. Municipal Museum of Ciutadella The Municipal Museum of Ciutadella – Bastió de sa Font, is a general history and archaeological museum with a permanent exhibition on the history of Ciutadella and of the island itself from prehistoric times through to the Muslim era and the arrival of king Alfonso III in 1287. Visitors can take a tour through the island's various historical periods, represented by the archaeological remains and artefacts on display. The Historic and Artistic Museum of Ciutadella was officially opened in 1935 on the ground floor of the Town Hall. Read more
 
Torre d’en Galmés is the largest settlement in Menorca, covering 66,240 m2. Its hilltop location made it the ideal spot for keeping watch over the land on most of the island's south coast. In chronological terms, it was occupied from the Naviforme period (1700-1400 B.C.), and you can still see an underground chamber from this period near the area where water was collected, right through until the late Roman era, although some remains have been found from the Islamic era (12th century A.D.). Torre d'en Galmés talayotic settlement Torre d’en Galmés is the largest settlement in Menorca, covering 66,240 m2. Its hilltop location made it the ideal spot for keeping watch over the land on most of the island's south coast. In chronological terms, it was occupied from the Naviforme period (1700-1400 B.C.), and you can still see an underground chamber from this period near the area where water was collected, right through until the late Roman era, although some remains have been found from the Islamic era (12th century A.D.).
The site consists of a public area, with three talaiots (1000-700 B.C.) standing on top of the hill, plus the taula enclosure next to the middle talaiot, dating from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.). The capital of this taula was re-used as a tombstone in the late Roman or medieval period. An archaeological dig carried out in 1974 unearthed a bronze Egyptian figure of the god Imhotep, now displayed in the Museum of Menorca together with other ritual objects found on the site. The figure was most likely acquired between the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C.
Read more
 
Torretrencada is a Talayotic settlement (1000-700 B.C.) that was occupied until the Roman conquest in 123 B.C. Several of its monuments can still be seen. They include the talayot a seriest of artificial burial caves dug out of the rocky ground and burial chambers carved in the rock, probably dating from the high medieval period. The taula is one of the most beautiful on the island, with a reinforcement pillar at the back, but all that is left of the surrounding wall is a section underneath the modern dry-stone wall. The site dates back to the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.) and was used by the community for performing rituals.Torretrencada talayotic settlement Torretrencada is a Talayotic settlement (1000-700 B.C.) that was occupied until the Roman conquest in 123 B.C. Several of its monuments can still be seen. They include the talayot a seriest of artificial burial caves dug out of the rocky ground and burial chambers carved in the rock, probably dating from the high medieval period. The taula is one of the most beautiful on the island, with a reinforcement pillar at the back, but all that is left of the surrounding wall is a section underneath the modern dry-stone wall. The site dates back to the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.) and was used by the community for performing rituals. Read more
 
Talatí de Dalt is one of the island's most significant prehistoric settlements. It consists of various monuments: an elliptical-shaped conical talaiot, a taula enclosure, an area with dwellings and some caves.Talatí de Dalt talayotic settlement Talatí de Dalt is one of the island's most significant prehistoric settlements. It consists of various monuments: an elliptical-shaped conical talaiot, a taula enclosure, an area with dwellings and some caves.
The taula enclosure at Talatí de Dalt is one of the largest and most beautiful in Menorca. It has an unusual aspec, as the pillar and its capital are leaning against the side edge of the centre T, probably because they fell over accidentally. In the 1960s, an archaeological dig documented the characteristic objects used in the rituals held at these sites in the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.), including evidence of fire, the remains of the bones of lambs and kid goats, plus amphorae for wine.
Read more
 
The Rafal Rubí navetas are two tombs of the same type as the Naveta des Tudons, but these are smaller and are unusual in that they are very close to one another. They are group burials with a perforated stone slab at the entrance to the inner chamber, which is split into two levels. Of the two navetas, the east one is in better condition, as the front was restored in the late 1960s, when an archaeological dig was also carried out during which burial goods were found, including pottery items, rhomboid-shaped bronze pendants and part of a torc. The west naveta was excavated in 1977 and the human remains found in the upper chamber were dated to 904 B.C.The Rafal Rubí navetas The Rafal Rubí navetas are two tombs of the same type as the Naveta des Tudons, but these are smaller and are unusual in that they are very close to one another. They are group burials with a perforated stone slab at the entrance to the inner chamber, which is split into two levels. Of the two navetas, the east one is in better condition, as the front was restored in the late 1960s, when an archaeological dig was also carried out during which burial goods were found, including pottery items, rhomboid-shaped bronze pendants and part of a torc. The west naveta was excavated in 1977 and the human remains found in the upper chamber were dated to 904 B.C.
The items found are on display in the Museum of Menorca.
Read more
 
Binisafullet is a small Talayotic settlement in the shade of wild olive trees and is very interesting because of  the variety of remains preserved there. At the centre of the site stands a circular talaiot, to the east of this are the remains of a hypostyle room and to the south-west is the taula enclosure, still in its original position due to restoration work carried out in 1992, when the building was also the subject of an archaeological dig. Work on the site uncovered the remains of a large number of Punic amphorae used to bring wine to the island, plus the bones of young lambs and kid goats, as well as evidence of a great bonfire, all connected to rituals that were held in the 3rd and 4th centuries B.C. Binissafullet talayotic settlement Binisafullet is a small Talayotic settlement in the shade of wild olive trees and is very interesting because of the variety of remains preserved there. At the centre of the site stands a circular talaiot, to the east of this are the remains of a hypostyle room and to the south-west is the taula enclosure, still in its original position due to restoration work carried out in 1992, when the building was also the subject of an archaeological dig. Work on the site uncovered the remains of a large number of Punic amphorae used to bring wine to the island, plus the bones of young lambs and kid goats, as well as evidence of a great bonfire, all connected to rituals that were held in the 3rd and 4th centuries B.C. Read more
 
  Next


 
 
 
THE WEATHER IN MENORCA
VIDEOS OF MENORCA
THE WEATHER IN MENORCA
FOLLOW US ON