about
Information about Menorca
explore
Things to see and do
information
Information of general interest
Buscar
Ingles
 
Español Catalán Alemán Frances Italiano
  Minorca Talayotic - World Heritage Nomination
Bienvenidos
Menorca Cultural
Menorca tourism official website
 
Share:   Publicar en facebook  Publicar en twitter

Talayotic Route

The earliest traces of human occupation date from 2100 B.C. Since that time up to the arrival of the Romans in 123 B.C., the island’s Prehistory unfolded in various stages. One of Menorca's most emblematic buildings, found only on the island, are the “navetas”, collective burial monuments containing up to a hundred individuals together with their grave goods, like the Es Tudons naveta near Ciutadella, with remains dating back mainly to the 9th century B.C. The “talayots”, conical dry stone towers, were built between 1000 and 700 B.C. Their main purpose was to keep watch over the surrounding area, as well as to provide a focal point for the communities living around them. During this time, known as the Talayotic period, burial caves were dug out of the cliffs in coves and ravines like the Calascoves necropolis near Alaior. The oldest are small, rounded or oval-shaped and are located in elevated areas that are difficult to reach. The post-Talayotic period started in 650 B.C. This was the time when the “taula” sanctuaries, Menorca’s most unique and distinctive constructions, were built. The enclosures are built on a horseshoe-shaped base with a concave front. They were used for human and soil fertility rituals, involving the sacrifice of domestic animals, wine libations and the symbolic breakage of amphorae.
Evidence shows that fire played a ritual and symbolic role in all these monuments. The circular houses built in the settlements were about 75-79 square metres in size. The largest known dwelling of this kind is the “Círculo Cartailhac” in the Torre d'en Galmés settlement in Alaior and dates from the 2nd century B.C. The occupants cooked, did their weaving, made cheese and milled cereal all under the same roof. The houses consisted of a central patio area, rooms with dividing doorways, a fireplace and a larder. They were built from large blocks of stone and the roof was made of wooden beams, earth and small stones. The building attached to one side of the houses is known as the hypostyle room because of the huge interlinked stone slabs forming the roof and held up by pillars. It was used as a store.
The islanders made their own handcrafted pottery using rudimentary ovens and they also produced bronze tools and utensils. They did not use coins for trading and they left no markings or rock paintings. They had no use for gold or silver as their most valuable items were made of bronze and iron. In their earliest period they built strong trading bonds with Central Europe and later with commercial cities along the Mediterranean coast.


  Next
The Es Tudons naveta is Menorca’s most famous burial monument and is a type of tomb found only on the island. It was built using the Cyclopean technique, meaning that medium sized stones were used and they were fitted together using a dry stone walling method, with no mortar. During an archaeological dig carried out in the 1960s, led by Menorcan archaeologist María Lluïsa Serra, the scattered skeletons of a hundred individuals of both genders and all ages were discovered, many of which dated back to the 9th century B.C.Naveta des Tudons The Es Tudons naveta is Menorca’s most famous burial monument and is a type of tomb found only on the island. It was built using the Cyclopean technique, meaning that medium sized stones were used and they were fitted together using a dry stone walling method, with no mortar. During an archaeological dig carried out in the 1960s, led by Menorcan archaeologist María Lluïsa Serra, the scattered skeletons of a hundred individuals of both genders and all ages were discovered, many of which dated back to the 9th century B.C.
Detail of the gap that have appeared over time in the naveta roof,
which consists of flat stone slabs.

Inside the naveta. You can see how it is split into two levels separated by stone slabs.

View of the upper chamber of the naveta, showing the different types of stone used to build it: smaller and evenly-shaped for the walls and large flat slabs for the roof and the upper floor.

View of the entrance door from inside the lower chamber. You can see the stone slabs separating the two floors.

Some of the burial goods found in the naveta during archaeological excavation work. They are on display in the Museum of Menorca in Maó.
Read more
 
An emblematic and spectacular prehistoric necropolis, both for its setting and for the large number of tombs in it. They take the form of a set of cavities excavated from the rock walls of the ravines and coastal cliff faces (about 90 altogether), used by local communities to bury their dead. Several types of cave have been documented. The necropolis was used for about 1000 years, from the 11th century B.C. up until the Romans took control.Calescoves necropolis An emblematic and spectacular prehistoric necropolis, both for its setting and for the large number of tombs in it. They take the form of a set of cavities excavated from the rock walls of the ravines and coastal cliff faces (about 90 altogether), used by local communities to bury their dead. Several types of cave have been documented. The necropolis was used for about 1000 years, from the 11th century B.C. up until the Romans took control. Read more
 
The settlement of Trepucó is one of the largest on the island, covering an area of around 49,240 square metres. Today, only a small part of the site can still be seen, the two oldest buildings, the talaiots (1000-700 B.C.). Other remains include parts of the wall, two square towers on the west wall, the taula enclosure and traces of dwellings from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.).Trepucó talayotic settlement The settlement of Trepucó is one of the largest on the island, covering an area of around 49,240 square metres. Today, only a small part of the site can still be seen, the two oldest buildings, the talaiots (1000-700 B.C.). Other remains include parts of the wall, two square towers on the west wall, the taula enclosure and traces of dwellings from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.).
The taula enclosure is one of the biggest on the island, despite having been subjected to what, by today’s standards, would be considered clumsy restoration work. This is one of the sites excavated around 1930 by Margaret Murray, a British archaeologist who was a pioneer of scientific research on Prehistoric Menorca.
Read more
 
This is a local museum belonging to the Ciutadella town council. It contains a comprehensive selection of ethnological objects as well as a significant archaeological collection that includes important finds discovered in the caves Cova des Mussol and Cova des Càrritx.Municipal Museum of Ciutadella This is a local museum belonging to the Ciutadella town council. It contains a comprehensive selection of ethnological objects as well as a significant archaeological collection that includes important finds discovered in the caves Cova des Mussol and Cova des Càrritx.
The museum was originally established in the historical building Bastió de sa Font until 2018. The museum collection was moved to Can Saura (Carrer del Santíssim, 2) in 2019. Can Saura is an aristocratic town house dating back to the late 17th and early 18th century that now belongs to the Town Council.
Read more
 
Torre d’en Galmés is the largest settlement in Menorca, covering 66,240 m2. Its hilltop location made it the ideal spot for keeping watch over the land on most of the island's south coast. In chronological terms, it was occupied from the Naviforme period (1700-1400 B.C.), and you can still see an underground chamber from this period near the area where water was collected, right through until the late Roman era, although some remains have been found from the Islamic era (12th century A.D.). Torre d'en Galmés talayotic settlement Torre d’en Galmés is the largest settlement in Menorca, covering 66,240 m2. Its hilltop location made it the ideal spot for keeping watch over the land on most of the island's south coast. In chronological terms, it was occupied from the Naviforme period (1700-1400 B.C.), and you can still see an underground chamber from this period near the area where water was collected, right through until the late Roman era, although some remains have been found from the Islamic era (12th century A.D.).
The site consists of a public area, with three talaiots (1000-700 B.C.) standing on top of the hill, plus the taula enclosure next to the middle talaiot, dating from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.). The capital of this taula was re-used as a tombstone in the late Roman or medieval period. An archaeological dig carried out in 1974 unearthed a bronze Egyptian figure of the god Imhotep, now displayed in the Museum of Menorca together with other ritual objects found on the site. The figure was most likely acquired between the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C.
Read more
 
Torretrencada is a Talayotic settlement (1000-700 B.C.) that was occupied until the Roman conquest in 123 B.C. Several of its monuments can still be seen. They include the talayot a seriest of artificial burial caves dug out of the rocky ground and burial chambers carved in the rock, probably dating from the high medieval period. The taula is one of the most beautiful on the island, with a reinforcement pillar at the back, but all that is left of the surrounding wall is a section underneath the modern dry-stone wall. The site dates back to the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.) and was used by the community for performing rituals.Torretrencada talayotic settlement Torretrencada is a Talayotic settlement (1000-700 B.C.) that was occupied until the Roman conquest in 123 B.C. Several of its monuments can still be seen. They include the talayot a seriest of artificial burial caves dug out of the rocky ground and burial chambers carved in the rock, probably dating from the high medieval period. The taula is one of the most beautiful on the island, with a reinforcement pillar at the back, but all that is left of the surrounding wall is a section underneath the modern dry-stone wall. The site dates back to the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.) and was used by the community for performing rituals. Read more
 
Talatí de Dalt is one of the island's most significant prehistoric settlements. It consists of various monuments: an elliptical-shaped conical talaiot, a taula enclosure, an area with dwellings and some caves.Talatí de Dalt talayotic settlement Talatí de Dalt is one of the island's most significant prehistoric settlements. It consists of various monuments: an elliptical-shaped conical talaiot, a taula enclosure, an area with dwellings and some caves.
The taula enclosure at Talatí de Dalt is one of the largest and most beautiful in Menorca. It has an unusual aspec, as the pillar and its capital are leaning against the side edge of the centre T, probably because they fell over accidentally. In the 1960s, an archaeological dig documented the characteristic objects used in the rituals held at these sites in the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.), including evidence of fire, the remains of the bones of lambs and kid goats, plus amphorae for wine.
Read more
 
The Rafal Rubí navetas are two tombs of the same type as the Naveta des Tudons, but these are smaller and are unusual in that they are very close to one another. They are group burials with a perforated stone slab at the entrance to the inner chamber, which is split into two levels. Of the two navetas, the east one is in better condition, as the front was restored in the late 1960s, when an archaeological dig was also carried out during which burial goods were found, including pottery items, rhomboid-shaped bronze pendants and part of a torc. The west naveta was excavated in 1977 and the human remains found in the upper chamber were dated to 904 B.C.The Rafal Rubí navetas The Rafal Rubí navetas are two tombs of the same type as the Naveta des Tudons, but these are smaller and are unusual in that they are very close to one another. They are group burials with a perforated stone slab at the entrance to the inner chamber, which is split into two levels. Of the two navetas, the east one is in better condition, as the front was restored in the late 1960s, when an archaeological dig was also carried out during which burial goods were found, including pottery items, rhomboid-shaped bronze pendants and part of a torc. The west naveta was excavated in 1977 and the human remains found in the upper chamber were dated to 904 B.C.
The items found are on display in the Museum of Menorca.
Read more
 
Montefí is a Talayotic settlement (1000-700 B.C.) that was occupied until the Roman conquest in 123 B.C., although the site may have been occupied at other times during the island’s early Prehistoric era. It must have been one of the largest settlements near Ciutadella harbour. Today, three talaiots survive, each one with its own distinctive architectural features. You can also go into some of the artificial underground caves in the large necropolis.Montefí talayotic settlement Montefí is a Talayotic settlement (1000-700 B.C.) that was occupied until the Roman conquest in 123 B.C., although the site may have been occupied at other times during the island’s early Prehistoric era. It must have been one of the largest settlements near Ciutadella harbour. Today, three talaiots survive, each one with its own distinctive architectural features. You can also go into some of the artificial underground caves in the large necropolis.
When the Ronda Sur road works were underway in 2005, remains of a post-Talayotic (650-123 B.C.) storage area were unearthed, with water tanks, cisterns and channels carved into the rock.
Next to the talayot at the entrance there is a “pont de bestiar”, a 19th century local construction used in connection with livestock farming.
Read more
 
  Next


 
Related links
Recommendations
Cultural Events
Painting exhibition "The Seas Islands"Víctor Ullate BalletXI Tapas Route in Es Castell"Nits de música al carrer" 2015Jornadas Gastronómicas "Menu Km 0"
UIMIR Course: Diseño y elaboración de Webquest, una propuesta para integrar las TIC en el aulaLa Bella HelenaFornells Walking tourMenorca Craft beer fair El superbarber de Sevilla"Ilusión"Monologue: Sara EscuderoGastronomic days in es Mercadal & FornellsChristmas program in Mahón 2013/2014Gastronomic days: "de Peix"Feria de Abril in Es Castell"Viaje a la Luna"- Circo Gran Fele "Un Nadal amb Música" ConcertVilallonga-PalatchiChristmas program in Es MigjornChristmas program in Ferreries 2013/2014World Tourism DayUIMIR Course: "La conservación de la biodiversidad"Concert of Light OperaTUTTO VERDI Concert13th Night Market CraftsmanX Anniversary Celebration "Art in Moviment"Concert: "De Camí a Betlem"David Russell in concertCafé Soul Quartet"Moments a Cor" concertII Forum Menorca- Toni NadalConcert: Banda de Música des Migjorn Gran"El dia Més Curt"Souvenir Orquestra- Pepino PascualThe GagfatherShanti & Joan Mesquida Big Band: Night and dayDolça Sodoma mevaMusic & Painting Fusion IIForum de Turismo y GastronomíaConcert: Margalida Moll"Nostálgico Café Teatro Salón"Christmas program in Sant Lluis 2013/2014Historic Performance Cultural RouteBinisoundNew Year ConcertConcert: Quintet Frontela"Vuelta y Vuelta" returns to PrincipalLUZ CASAL in concertFridays lent menu!Christmas program in FerreriesChristmas program in AlaiorJoana Pons y sus guitarras concertConcert: Joana Pons i Ses Guiterres"Música Oberta": Concert with Belén Roig- soprano and Husan Park-pianistSpanish guitar recitalsLa IAIA in concertGastronomic days in Es MercadalDavid GuapoMahón walking tourNight Market in FerreriesYacine & The Oriental Groove in concertHécubaChristmas program in Alaior 2013/2014Veus per Sant Joan del VergersAgustín "El Casta"Cruz y Raya+ Flamenco ShowRed ArrowsCris Juanico Concert"Vino y Besos a crédito"Tapas dayMahón Medieval3, 2, 1 IMPRO con IMPRO XOU en AKELARRE JAZZ DANCE"Diada del poble de Menorca"Christmas program in Es Mercadal and FornellsChristmas program in MahónMostra de Cuina MenorquinaChristmas program in Es Migjnorn Gran 2013Gospel Concert: Moments a CorNON STOP GospelI Jornadas Gastronómicas de carne de cordero de MenorcaIX Feria del Libro en CatalánOrquestra Simpfònica de les Illes Balears in concertGuided Visits around Es MercadalPNA 2012 + C'M = Artesania Contemporània"Els dimecres es dia de Brou"Exhibition: "Eines i feines de Camp"Magic Show: IlusiónConcert: "Trio Barroc"Concert: "Estàndards amb Glacé" SA CARTA "Maó+ FlorsThe British FairConcert: Josu OkiñenaChamber orchestra "Illa de Menorca"Sergio Dalma returns to the Principal theatreThe Mimmisikous BandCarlos Mena and Susana García de Salazar1st POP-ROCK SHOW-Fetival Menorca 2014Carmen MorenteTourism International DayJaume Tugores Trios concertTaxi S'Albufera des Grau walking tourMarinaEl Estanque DoradoMusica Reservata and Juan de la RubiaDeep Purple TributeMuchachito y sus compadresParty Love in Sant ClimentJoan Mesquida Jazz QuartetConcert: Olga RománU2 ExperienceRamon Coll ConcertQuè ens està passant?Sherlock Holmes y el cuadro mágicoVaca' Street ArtSmooth SoulMercat de nit - FerreriesDance: "Para raptar abarzos"José Domingo in concertThe best Tribute to QueenCiutadella Monuments ItinerayFernando SavaterPels Pèls"Vesprades d'Art des Mercadal"Concert: Pau Cardona, violonchcehello and Ulyana Popovych, pianoLazareto guided toursCarlos Latre ShowPascuala Ilabaca y Faunat in concertConcert: "Un Nadal clàssic""Aladín, Un musical genial" Tomeu Penya concertCor de l'Orfeó MaonèsKayak tour in s'Albufera des GrauPOP ConcertContemporary Jazz ConcertPablo Alborán in concertCabosanroque- Cabo and RoqueFrancesc d'Albarnca 2014 RouteChamber orchestra "Illa de Menorca"“Soldier’s Tale” (Igor Stravinsky)II Forum Menorca- Mario Alonso"Menorca en el Plato""De Llevant a Ponent" - CiutadellaInternational Museum DayNits de Música al CarrerThe Billy Young Band- AC&DC TributeMÈDIT, Festival de Cinema Mediterrani de MenorcaMotorbreath- Tributo a MetálicaLazareto Island guided visits 2013"Fira del Llibre en català"Mostra de cuina menorquinaPainting Exhibition: A. López NavarroMusic on the streetM-SONA Festival"Opera Armónica al estilo Italiano"Love of Lesbian in concertBroadway Festival Alaior 2013Concert: Nicola Benedetti, violin"Cosmètica natural artesana"AmantesLa núvia d’AlgendarSanti Millán Live! Illes Balears celebration day 2015Don Juan TenorioROSANA- Gira 8 LunasEdgar and Adrian German Plain, poetic jazz improvisationOrgan concertConcert: Arrels de MenorcaMercat de nit artesà- AlaiorSpring ConcertExhibition: "Menorca Contemporània"Es Migjorn Band concert"Dimarts as Migjorn"Marili Machado: una voz, un mar de vidas"Las dunas"Taller: Les plantes medicinals. Per una bona salut física i emocionalXXVI Escuela de Salud Pública de Menorca"Cantam nadales amb Cap Pela"VII "TROBADA BALEAR DE VEHICULOS ANTIGUOS"Concert: Dulce PontesXXV Escuela de Salud Pública de MenorcaHeidiQuartet GerhardGigi McFarlane in concertSeminar: "EL clima del segle XXI"Jam Session con Viat Jam - AKELARRE JAZZ DANCEGastronomic Fair "GastroMô"Menorca ConquestThe Nutcracker SuiteAndrea Motis & Joan Chamorro GroupMèdit 6-Mediterranean Film Festival of MenorcaStabat Mater i Quintet de Corda" Empresa turística y contratación: una visión práctica" CourseGuided visits in Centre Artesal de MenorcaBerto Romero en Sigue con nosotrosEquestrian Show Somni de Menorca TalaiòticaDía Mundial de la TapaConvert: Kiev PortellConcert: Rita BarberOlivia y EugenioTrending Tronching, with Leo Harlem & Sergio OlallaTheater: Tres días de diciembreSummer ConcertOpera ConcertSofia Ribeiro GroupRosario Flores in concertDivinas presenta ParadísEls EnamoratsDurny Sweet in concert"Doce hombres sin piedad"Llatzeret a les teves mans. The Anniversary of Lazareto. Don't miss out!ViejóvenesGran MigjornaleRepresentació històrica Ruta Cultural - Menorca BritánicaCelebration of the National Day of Andalucia 2015Forum ONLINERS- MenorcaGospel Groove"Mascles"The Billy Young Band- AC/DC TributeMatthew McDaid in concertConcert: RUT66Concert: Olga Román"Els dimecres es dia de Brou"Taller documental: DOC- MÈDITDon Juan TenorioLa Vie, L'amour concertMenorca Aim: Photography WorkshopII Ruta Mô de "tapas""Mostra de cuina menorquina""Nits al Port"ABBEY ROAD - THE BEATLES SHOW"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"Concert: "Veus líriques de Menorca""Nits Màgiques" in Es CastellTapas x MenorcaLatin-jazz and sour concertKayak tour in s'Albufera des GrauEnsemble Méridien"Nits al Port de Mo" Fira del Camp de MenorcaII Menorcan Lamb special gastronomic daysChristmas ConcertFull Moon Concert in Torre d'en Galmés Lazareto guided tours 2015Knowing the sea kayakingXVIII Menorcan Horse Breed FairVandalis"Domini Públic"- Roger Benat/FFFMiguel Poveda, singer-song writerThe Royal Russell School Chamber Choir in concertExhibition "Like no place else. Menorca and tourism 1911-2017"Kiko VenenoOpera: La TraviataSiniestro Total"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"Concert: "Trio Barroc"Poetry recital in tribute to Angel Ruiz and PabloDimarts as MigjornCarmenChristmas program in Es Castell"Aprende a guiar rutas de esnórquel" CourseTapas x MenorcaConference with Ramon GenerMarina Rossell in concertEl pou de na Patarrà"Joana Pons amb ses guitarres" Concert"Els dimecres es dia de Brou"Concert conjunt Coral Espígol i Cor de l'Orfeó MaonèsGuided tour in s'Albufera des GrauShow cooking: "Peix de Menorca"Menorca Aim: Photography Workshop"Cafe Concert""Vi de la Terra" FairDavid Bisbal in concertRita Barber concert"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"Ciutadella walking tourCarmen Morente, bailaoraCala en Porter Fiestas Concert: "Dues Pedres"World Tourism Day"Quatre Passeigs per Maó""De Llevant a Ponent" - MaóTapas x Menorca"Interestelando, el polvo del camino para nunca morir" ShowCenicientaChamber Music Orchestra of the Island of Menorca (OCIM)New Year ConcertChristmas program in Es Castell 2013/2014De Verden CuandoConcert: Lluis SintesTapas x MenorcaTremendamentePink Floyd- Live Experience ConecertConcert: El Bel Canto de Mariola Cantarero and Simón OrfilaLa plaza del Diamante con LolitaChristmas ConcertExhibition: "Joan Miró: La luz de la noche"Elkano Browning CreamOpen Doors Day at Fort Marlborough"Orfeó-Chef" & "Sueño de una noche de verano"Un món de sonsNit de Sant AntoniTaller: Ocells de tardorAlaireConcert: "Txarango"Love Party 2013Patricia KrausRecital Lírico a beneficio de la Fundación Vicente FerrerJungle Book, the musicalSilvia Pérez Cruz and Raül Fernandez MiróExhibition: "L'Art comença amb els teus ulls" "L'alegria que passa" & "Lord of the flies""Menorca en el plato"Night Market in AlaiorShow: "Sa Xaranga des Xubec"MenorkidsPedra Viva 2015- LithicaUIMIR: "Emprendimiento innovador, microempresa y empleabilidad en red"Taller documental: DOC- MÈDITMIRA EL CEL I ESCOLTA... L'ALÈ D'UN POBLEWorld Dance DayMoon RiverHistoric Performance Cultural RouteCala en Porter Fiestas"Herodes, Rei"Concert: Anthony WellingtonFlamenco with Dani Morón, Alejandro de Jerez, Jeranys Pérez and Víctor MéndezConcert: Maria Camps i Pere Arguimbau"El pou de na Patarrà" ConcertGastronomic days: "Peix de Menorca"El TrocaderoFort Marlborough VisitAlbert Pla & Diego CortésSara Pi in concertSpanish Guitar RecitalsUIMIR Course: El turismo arqueológico, un nicho de turismo especializado en el MediterráneoShow: "Novecento, el so italià al cinema"Bodas de SangreFidewá + Dj Flowers ConcertOpera and Light Opera concertTrio "Arrels"
More...
Menorca Cultural
 
 
THE WEATHER IN MENORCA
VIDEOS OF MENORCA
THE WEATHER IN MENORCA
FOLLOW US ON