about
Information about Menorca
explore
Things to see and do
information
Information of general interest
Buscar
Ingles
 
Español Catalán Alemán Frances Italiano
  Minorca Talayotic - World Heritage Nomination
Bienvenidos
Menorca Cultural
Menorca tourism official website
 
Share:   Publicar en facebook  Publicar en twitter

Talayotic Route

The earliest traces of human occupation date from 2100 B.C. Since that time up to the arrival of the Romans in 123 B.C., the island’s Prehistory unfolded in various stages. One of Menorca's most emblematic buildings, found only on the island, are the “navetas”, collective burial monuments containing up to a hundred individuals together with their grave goods, like the Es Tudons naveta near Ciutadella, with remains dating back mainly to the 9th century B.C. The “talayots”, conical dry stone towers, were built between 1000 and 700 B.C. Their main purpose was to keep watch over the surrounding area, as well as to provide a focal point for the communities living around them. During this time, known as the Talayotic period, burial caves were dug out of the cliffs in coves and ravines like the Calascoves necropolis near Alaior. The oldest are small, rounded or oval-shaped and are located in elevated areas that are difficult to reach. The post-Talayotic period started in 650 B.C. This was the time when the “taula” sanctuaries, Menorca’s most unique and distinctive constructions, were built. The enclosures are built on a horseshoe-shaped base with a concave front. They were used for human and soil fertility rituals, involving the sacrifice of domestic animals, wine libations and the symbolic breakage of amphorae.
Evidence shows that fire played a ritual and symbolic role in all these monuments. The circular houses built in the settlements were about 75-79 square metres in size. The largest known dwelling of this kind is the “Círculo Cartailhac” in the Torre d'en Galmés settlement in Alaior and dates from the 2nd century B.C. The occupants cooked, did their weaving, made cheese and milled cereal all under the same roof. The houses consisted of a central patio area, rooms with dividing doorways, a fireplace and a larder. They were built from large blocks of stone and the roof was made of wooden beams, earth and small stones. The building attached to one side of the houses is known as the hypostyle room because of the huge interlinked stone slabs forming the roof and held up by pillars. It was used as a store.
The islanders made their own handcrafted pottery using rudimentary ovens and they also produced bronze tools and utensils. They did not use coins for trading and they left no markings or rock paintings. They had no use for gold or silver as their most valuable items were made of bronze and iron. In their earliest period they built strong trading bonds with Central Europe and later with commercial cities along the Mediterranean coast.


  Next
The Es Tudons naveta is Menorca’s most famous burial monument and is a type of tomb found only on the island. It was built using the Cyclopean technique, meaning that medium sized stones were used and they were fitted together using a dry stone walling method, with no mortar. During an archaeological dig carried out in the 1960s, led by Menorcan archaeologist María Lluïsa Serra, the scattered skeletons of a hundred individuals of both genders and all ages were discovered, many of which dated back to the 9th century B.C.Naveta des Tudons The Es Tudons naveta is Menorca’s most famous burial monument and is a type of tomb found only on the island. It was built using the Cyclopean technique, meaning that medium sized stones were used and they were fitted together using a dry stone walling method, with no mortar. During an archaeological dig carried out in the 1960s, led by Menorcan archaeologist María Lluïsa Serra, the scattered skeletons of a hundred individuals of both genders and all ages were discovered, many of which dated back to the 9th century B.C.
Detail of the gap that have appeared over time in the naveta roof,
which consists of flat stone slabs.

Inside the naveta. You can see how it is split into two levels separated by stone slabs.

View of the upper chamber of the naveta, showing the different types of stone used to build it: smaller and evenly-shaped for the walls and large flat slabs for the roof and the upper floor.

View of the entrance door from inside the lower chamber. You can see the stone slabs separating the two floors.

Some of the burial goods found in the naveta during archaeological excavation work. They are on display in the Museum of Menorca in Maó.
Read more
 
An emblematic and spectacular prehistoric necropolis, both for its setting and for the large number of tombs in it. They take the form of a set of cavities excavated from the rock walls of the ravines and coastal cliff faces (about 90 altogether), used by local communities to bury their dead. Several types of cave have been documented. The necropolis was used for about 1000 years, from the 11th century B.C. up until the Romans took control.Calescoves necropolis An emblematic and spectacular prehistoric necropolis, both for its setting and for the large number of tombs in it. They take the form of a set of cavities excavated from the rock walls of the ravines and coastal cliff faces (about 90 altogether), used by local communities to bury their dead. Several types of cave have been documented. The necropolis was used for about 1000 years, from the 11th century B.C. up until the Romans took control. Read more
 
The settlement of Trepucó is one of the largest on the island, covering an area of around 49,240 square metres. Today, only a small part of the site can still be seen, the two oldest buildings, the talaiots (1000-700 B.C.). Other remains include parts of the wall, two square towers on the west wall, the taula enclosure and traces of dwellings from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.).Trepucó talayotic settlement The settlement of Trepucó is one of the largest on the island, covering an area of around 49,240 square metres. Today, only a small part of the site can still be seen, the two oldest buildings, the talaiots (1000-700 B.C.). Other remains include parts of the wall, two square towers on the west wall, the taula enclosure and traces of dwellings from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.).
The taula enclosure is one of the biggest on the island, despite having been subjected to what, by today’s standards, would be considered clumsy restoration work. This is one of the sites excavated around 1930 by Margaret Murray, a British archaeologist who was a pioneer of scientific research on Prehistoric Menorca.
Read more
 
This is a local museum belonging to the Ciutadella town council. It contains a comprehensive selection of ethnological objects as well as a significant archaeological collection that includes important finds discovered in the caves Cova des Mussol and Cova des Càrritx.Municipal Museum of Ciutadella This is a local museum belonging to the Ciutadella town council. It contains a comprehensive selection of ethnological objects as well as a significant archaeological collection that includes important finds discovered in the caves Cova des Mussol and Cova des Càrritx.
The museum was originally established in the historical building Bastió de sa Font until 2018. The museum collection was moved to Can Saura (Carrer del Santíssim, 2) in 2019. Can Saura is an aristocratic town house dating back to the late 17th and early 18th century that now belongs to the Town Council.
Read more
 
Torre d’en Galmés is the largest settlement in Menorca, covering 66,240 m2. Its hilltop location made it the ideal spot for keeping watch over the land on most of the island's south coast. In chronological terms, it was occupied from the Naviforme period (1700-1400 B.C.), and you can still see an underground chamber from this period near the area where water was collected, right through until the late Roman era, although some remains have been found from the Islamic era (12th century A.D.). Torre d'en Galmés talayotic settlement Torre d’en Galmés is the largest settlement in Menorca, covering 66,240 m2. Its hilltop location made it the ideal spot for keeping watch over the land on most of the island's south coast. In chronological terms, it was occupied from the Naviforme period (1700-1400 B.C.), and you can still see an underground chamber from this period near the area where water was collected, right through until the late Roman era, although some remains have been found from the Islamic era (12th century A.D.).
The site consists of a public area, with three talaiots (1000-700 B.C.) standing on top of the hill, plus the taula enclosure next to the middle talaiot, dating from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.). The capital of this taula was re-used as a tombstone in the late Roman or medieval period. An archaeological dig carried out in 1974 unearthed a bronze Egyptian figure of the god Imhotep, now displayed in the Museum of Menorca together with other ritual objects found on the site. The figure was most likely acquired between the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C.
Read more
 
Torretrencada is a Talayotic settlement (1000-700 B.C.) that was occupied until the Roman conquest in 123 B.C. Several of its monuments can still be seen. They include the talayot a seriest of artificial burial caves dug out of the rocky ground and burial chambers carved in the rock, probably dating from the high medieval period. The taula is one of the most beautiful on the island, with a reinforcement pillar at the back, but all that is left of the surrounding wall is a section underneath the modern dry-stone wall. The site dates back to the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.) and was used by the community for performing rituals.Torretrencada talayotic settlement Torretrencada is a Talayotic settlement (1000-700 B.C.) that was occupied until the Roman conquest in 123 B.C. Several of its monuments can still be seen. They include the talayot a seriest of artificial burial caves dug out of the rocky ground and burial chambers carved in the rock, probably dating from the high medieval period. The taula is one of the most beautiful on the island, with a reinforcement pillar at the back, but all that is left of the surrounding wall is a section underneath the modern dry-stone wall. The site dates back to the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.) and was used by the community for performing rituals. Read more
 
Talatí de Dalt is one of the island's most significant prehistoric settlements. It consists of various monuments: an elliptical-shaped conical talaiot, a taula enclosure, an area with dwellings and some caves.Talatí de Dalt talayotic settlement Talatí de Dalt is one of the island's most significant prehistoric settlements. It consists of various monuments: an elliptical-shaped conical talaiot, a taula enclosure, an area with dwellings and some caves.
The taula enclosure at Talatí de Dalt is one of the largest and most beautiful in Menorca. It has an unusual aspec, as the pillar and its capital are leaning against the side edge of the centre T, probably because they fell over accidentally. In the 1960s, an archaeological dig documented the characteristic objects used in the rituals held at these sites in the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.), including evidence of fire, the remains of the bones of lambs and kid goats, plus amphorae for wine.
Read more
 
The Rafal Rubí navetas are two tombs of the same type as the Naveta des Tudons, but these are smaller and are unusual in that they are very close to one another. They are group burials with a perforated stone slab at the entrance to the inner chamber, which is split into two levels. Of the two navetas, the east one is in better condition, as the front was restored in the late 1960s, when an archaeological dig was also carried out during which burial goods were found, including pottery items, rhomboid-shaped bronze pendants and part of a torc. The west naveta was excavated in 1977 and the human remains found in the upper chamber were dated to 904 B.C.The Rafal Rubí navetas The Rafal Rubí navetas are two tombs of the same type as the Naveta des Tudons, but these are smaller and are unusual in that they are very close to one another. They are group burials with a perforated stone slab at the entrance to the inner chamber, which is split into two levels. Of the two navetas, the east one is in better condition, as the front was restored in the late 1960s, when an archaeological dig was also carried out during which burial goods were found, including pottery items, rhomboid-shaped bronze pendants and part of a torc. The west naveta was excavated in 1977 and the human remains found in the upper chamber were dated to 904 B.C.
The items found are on display in the Museum of Menorca.
Read more
 
Montefí is a Talayotic settlement (1000-700 B.C.) that was occupied until the Roman conquest in 123 B.C., although the site may have been occupied at other times during the island’s early Prehistoric era. It must have been one of the largest settlements near Ciutadella harbour. Today, three talaiots survive, each one with its own distinctive architectural features. You can also go into some of the artificial underground caves in the large necropolis.Montefí talayotic settlement Montefí is a Talayotic settlement (1000-700 B.C.) that was occupied until the Roman conquest in 123 B.C., although the site may have been occupied at other times during the island’s early Prehistoric era. It must have been one of the largest settlements near Ciutadella harbour. Today, three talaiots survive, each one with its own distinctive architectural features. You can also go into some of the artificial underground caves in the large necropolis.
When the Ronda Sur road works were underway in 2005, remains of a post-Talayotic (650-123 B.C.) storage area were unearthed, with water tanks, cisterns and channels carved into the rock.
Next to the talayot at the entrance there is a “pont de bestiar”, a 19th century local construction used in connection with livestock farming.
Read more
 
  Next


 
Related links
Recommendations
Cultural Events
Concert: Banda de Música des Migjorn GranSpring ConcertEl Estanque DoradoTaller documental: DOC- MÈDIT"Cafe Concert"
Concert: "Txarango"Concert: "Dues Pedres"Kayak tour in s'Albufera des GrauBinisound"Nits al Port""De Llevant a Ponent" - CiutadellaCor de l'Orfeó MaonèsGran MigjornaleSeminar: "EL clima del segle XXI"Mèdit 6-Mediterranean Film Festival of MenorcaSara Pi in concertCarlos Mena and Susana García de SalazarUIMIR Course: Diseño y elaboración de Webquest, una propuesta para integrar las TIC en el aulaUIMIR Course: El turismo arqueológico, un nicho de turismo especializado en el MediterráneoSiniestro Total"Aladín, Un musical genial" XI Tapas Route in Es CastellNew Year Concert"Vino y Besos a crédito"II Forum Menorca- Mario AlonsoOpera and Light Opera concertOrquestra Simpfònica de les Illes Balears in concert"Fira del Llibre en català"Silvia Pérez Cruz and Raül Fernandez MiróChristmas program in Es Migjnorn Gran 2013Concert: Joana Pons i Ses GuiterresLlatzeret a les teves mans. The Anniversary of Lazareto. Don't miss out!Concert: "Trio Barroc"Cris Juanico ConcertDon Juan Tenorio"De Llevant a Ponent" - MaóFeria de Abril in Es Castell"Diada del poble de Menorca"World Tourism DayChristmas program in Es MigjornConcert: RUT66Mercat de nit artesà- AlaiorPainting exhibition "The Seas Islands"AlaireCruz y Raya+ Flamenco ShowConference with Ramon GenerDe Verden CuandoChristmas program in Alaior"El dia Més Curt"Forum ONLINERS- MenorcaU2 ExperienceMÈDIT, Festival de Cinema Mediterrani de MenorcaNew Year ConcertNits de Música al CarrerConcert: Nicola Benedetti, violinM-SONA FestivalXXVI Escuela de Salud Pública de MenorcaThe best Tribute to QueenMusic on the streetGastronomic days: "Peix de Menorca"Veus per Sant Joan del VergersJungle Book, the musicalConcert: Margalida MollCarmen Morente"Vi de la Terra" FairNight Market in AlaiorEl superbarber de SevillaPink Floyd- Live Experience ConecertJaume Tugores Trios concertNight Market in FerreriesGospel GrooveI Jornadas Gastronómicas de carne de cordero de MenorcaFidewá + Dj Flowers Concert13th Night Market CraftsmanShanti & Joan Mesquida Big Band: Night and day"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"World Tourism DayCarmen Morente, bailaoraConcert: Anthony WellingtonGospel Concert: Moments a CorChristmas ConcertMenorkidsSergio Dalma returns to the Principal theatreXXV Escuela de Salud Pública de MenorcaDon Juan TenorioFrancesc d'Albarnca 2014 RouteWorld Dance DaySmooth Soul"Els dimecres es dia de Brou"Gastronomic days: "de Peix"Stabat Mater i Quintet de CordaKiko VenenoSpanish Guitar RecitalsLa IAIA in concertConcert: Olga RománMaó+ FlorsFull Moon Concert in Torre d'en Galmés Pels Pèls S'Albufera des Grau walking tour" SA CARTA "Pedra Viva 2015- LithicaChristmas program in Es Castell"Joana Pons amb ses guitarres" Concert" Empresa turística y contratación: una visión práctica" CourseTapas x MenorcaTaller: Les plantes medicinals. Per una bona salut física i emocionalPablo Alborán in concertTrio "Arrels"VandalisConcert: Rita BarberRamon Coll ConcertRecital Lírico a beneficio de la Fundación Vicente Ferrer"Vuelta y Vuelta" returns to PrincipalLa Bella HelenaBodas de SangreChristmas program in Ferreries 2013/2014"Nits al Port de Mo"Painting Exhibition: A. López NavarroGigi McFarlane in concert1st POP-ROCK SHOW-Fetival Menorca 2014ABBEY ROAD - THE BEATLES SHOW "Un Nadal amb Música" ConcertMostra de cuina menorquinaChristmas program in FerreriesForum de Turismo y Gastronomía"Domini Públic"- Roger Benat/FFFChamber orchestra "Illa de Menorca"Convert: Kiev PortellNit de Sant AntoniRed ArrowsJoana Pons y sus guitarras concertChristmas program in Mahón 2013/2014Ciutadella Monuments ItinerayEls EnamoratsUn món de sonsYacine & The Oriental Groove in concertQuartet GerhardChristmas program in Sant Lluis 2013/2014Mercat de nit - FerreriesChristmas program in Alaior 2013/2014El TrocaderoFernando SavaterMarinaGastronomic days in es Mercadal & FornellsContemporary Jazz ConcertMenorca Aim: Photography WorkshopQuè ens està passant?Kayak tour in s'Albufera des GrauShow: "Sa Xaranga des Xubec""Aprende a guiar rutas de esnórquel" CourseMatthew McDaid in concertExhibition: "L'Art comença amb els teus ulls""Els dimecres es dia de Brou""Ilusión"Opera Concert"Cantam nadales amb Cap Pela""Viaje a la Luna"- Circo Gran Fele“Soldier’s Tale” (Igor Stravinsky)II Menorcan Lamb special gastronomic daysII Ruta Mô de "tapas"David Russell in concertCafé Soul QuartetThe British FairPOP Concert"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"Mostra de Cuina MenorquinaLa núvia d’AlgendarOrgan concertAndrea Motis & Joan Chamorro GroupXVIII Menorcan Horse Breed Fair"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"El pou de na PatarràCala en Porter Fiestas Motorbreath- Tributo a Metálica"El pou de na Patarrà" ConcertAgustín "El Casta"Concert: Olga RománLa plaza del Diamante con LolitaDía Mundial de la Tapa"Menorca en el plato"Moon RiverCelebration of the National Day of Andalucia 2015Christmas ConcertConcert: Lluis Sintes"Opera Armónica al estilo Italiano""Orfeó-Chef" & "Sueño de una noche de verano"Mahón MedievalThe Mimmisikous BandJosé Domingo in concertHistoric Performance Cultural RouteMenorca Aim: Photography WorkshopConcert: "Estàndards amb GlacéSofia Ribeiro Group Fira del Camp de MenorcaCala en Porter FiestasThe Royal Russell School Chamber Choir in concertMenorca ConquestRita Barber concertViejóvenesROSANA- Gira 8 LunasThe Billy Young Band- AC/DC TributeConcert: Dulce PontesMIRA EL CEL I ESCOLTA... L'ALÈ D'UN POBLETremendamente"Interestelando, el polvo del camino para nunca morir" Show"Mascles"Gastronomic Fair "GastroMô"Cenicienta"Els dimecres es dia de Brou"Tourism International DayOpen Doors Day at Fort Marlborough"Nostálgico Café Teatro Salón"IX Feria del Libro en Catalán"Menorca en el Plato"Fort Marlborough Visit3, 2, 1 IMPRO con IMPRO XOU en AKELARRE JAZZ DANCEConcert: Quintet FrontelaTapas x Menorca"Nits de música al carrer" 2015Spanish guitar recitalsMiguel Poveda, singer-song writerMuchachito y sus compadres"Mostra de cuina menorquina"Pascuala Ilabaca y Faunat in concertUIMIR: "Emprendimiento innovador, microempresa y empleabilidad en red""Doce hombres sin piedad"Chamber Music Orchestra of the Island of Menorca (OCIM)Love Party 2013II Forum Menorca- Toni NadalKnowing the sea kayakingConcert: "Trio Barroc""Música Oberta": Concert with Belén Roig- soprano and Husan Park-pianistConcert: "De Camí a Betlem"Magic Show: IlusiónLatin-jazz and sour concertSummer ConcertConcert of Light OperaHeidiCarlos Latre ShowConcert: Maria Camps i Pere ArguimbauGuided Visits around Es MercadalOlivia y EugenioMenorca Craft beer fair The Nutcracker SuiteExhibition: "Menorca Contemporània"David Bisbal in concertEs Migjorn Band concertJam Session con Viat Jam - AKELARRE JAZZ DANCECabosanroque- Cabo and RoqueConcert: El Bel Canto de Mariola Cantarero and Simón OrfilaRepresentació històrica Ruta Cultural - Menorca BritánicaVII "TROBADA BALEAR DE VEHICULOS ANTIGUOS" Illes Balears celebration day 2015Exhibition: "Joan Miró: La luz de la noche"Berto Romero en Sigue con nosotrosConcert: Josu OkiñenaJornadas Gastronómicas "Menu Km 0"Music & Painting Fusion IIPoetry recital in tribute to Angel Ruiz and PabloLazareto guided toursVíctor Ullate Ballet"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"PNA 2012 + C'M = Artesania ContemporàniaUIMIR Course: "La conservación de la biodiversidad"Edgar and Adrian German Plain, poetic jazz improvisationTapas dayBroadway Festival Alaior 2013Guided visits in Centre Artesal de MenorcaEquestrian Show Somni de Menorca TalaiòticaAlbert Pla & Diego CortésX Anniversary Celebration "Art in Moviment"Mahón walking tourAmantes"Moments a Cor" concertThe Billy Young Band- AC&DC TributeTaller documental: DOC- MÈDITMonologue: Sara EscuderoShow: "Novecento, el so italià al cinema"Christmas program in Es Mercadal and FornellsConcert: "Un Nadal clàssic"Musica Reservata and Juan de la RubiaGastronomic days in Es MercadalTomeu Penya concertDavid GuapoTheater: Tres días de diciembreDurny Sweet in concertMarili Machado: una voz, un mar de vidasChristmas program in Es Castell 2013/2014Deep Purple TributeCarmenTUTTO VERDI ConcertLazareto guided tours 2015Party Love in Sant ClimentThe GagfatherDivinas presenta ParadísVaca' Street Art"Dimarts as Migjorn"Tapas x Menorca "L'alegria que passa" & "Lord of the flies"LUZ CASAL in concertDimarts as MigjornTrending Tronching, with Leo Harlem & Sergio OlallaTapas x MenorcaConcert: "Veus líriques de Menorca"Joan Mesquida Jazz QuartetSherlock Holmes y el cuadro mágicoGuided tour in s'Albufera des GrauTaller: Ocells de tardorSouvenir Orquestra- Pepino PascualLove of Lesbian in concertConcert: Pau Cardona, violonchcehello and Ulyana Popovych, piano"Vesprades d'Art des Mercadal"Chamber orchestra "Illa de Menorca"La Vie, L'amour concert"Nits Màgiques" in Es CastellFlamenco with Dani Morón, Alejandro de Jerez, Jeranys Pérez and Víctor MéndezExhibition "Like no place else. Menorca and tourism 1911-2017"International Museum DayConcert conjunt Coral Espígol i Cor de l'Orfeó MaonèsLazareto Island guided visits 2013TaxiHécuba"Herodes, Rei"Historic Performance Cultural RouteConcert: Arrels de Menorca"Cosmètica natural artesana"NON STOP GospelVilallonga-PalatchiFridays lent menu!Patricia Kraus"Las dunas"Exhibition: "Eines i feines de Camp"Marina Rossell in concertChristmas program in MahónElkano Browning CreamCiutadella walking tourDance: "Para raptar abarzos"Santi Millán Live!Dolça Sodoma mevaFornells Walking tourRosario Flores in concertOpera: La TraviataShow cooking: "Peix de Menorca"Ensemble Méridien
More...
Menorca Cultural
 
 
THE WEATHER IN MENORCA
VIDEOS OF MENORCA
THE WEATHER IN MENORCA
FOLLOW US ON