about
Information about Menorca
explore
Things to see and do
information
Information of general interest
Buscar
Ingles
 
Español Catalán Alemán Frances Italiano
  Minorca Talayotic - World Heritage Nomination
Bienvenidos
Menorca Cultural
Menorca tourism official website
 
Share:   Publicar en facebook  Publicar en twitter

Talayotic Route

The earliest traces of human occupation date from 2100 B.C. Since that time up to the arrival of the Romans in 123 B.C., the island’s Prehistory unfolded in various stages. One of Menorca's most emblematic buildings, found only on the island, are the “navetas”, collective burial monuments containing up to a hundred individuals together with their grave goods, like the Es Tudons naveta near Ciutadella, with remains dating back mainly to the 9th century B.C. The “talayots”, conical dry stone towers, were built between 1000 and 700 B.C. Their main purpose was to keep watch over the surrounding area, as well as to provide a focal point for the communities living around them. During this time, known as the Talayotic period, burial caves were dug out of the cliffs in coves and ravines like the Calascoves necropolis near Alaior. The oldest are small, rounded or oval-shaped and are located in elevated areas that are difficult to reach. The post-Talayotic period started in 650 B.C. This was the time when the “taula” sanctuaries, Menorca’s most unique and distinctive constructions, were built. The enclosures are built on a horseshoe-shaped base with a concave front. They were used for human and soil fertility rituals, involving the sacrifice of domestic animals, wine libations and the symbolic breakage of amphorae.
Evidence shows that fire played a ritual and symbolic role in all these monuments. The circular houses built in the settlements were about 75-79 square metres in size. The largest known dwelling of this kind is the “Círculo Cartailhac” in the Torre d'en Galmés settlement in Alaior and dates from the 2nd century B.C. The occupants cooked, did their weaving, made cheese and milled cereal all under the same roof. The houses consisted of a central patio area, rooms with dividing doorways, a fireplace and a larder. They were built from large blocks of stone and the roof was made of wooden beams, earth and small stones. The building attached to one side of the houses is known as the hypostyle room because of the huge interlinked stone slabs forming the roof and held up by pillars. It was used as a store.
The islanders made their own handcrafted pottery using rudimentary ovens and they also produced bronze tools and utensils. They did not use coins for trading and they left no markings or rock paintings. They had no use for gold or silver as their most valuable items were made of bronze and iron. In their earliest period they built strong trading bonds with Central Europe and later with commercial cities along the Mediterranean coast.


  Next
The Es Tudons naveta is Menorca’s most famous burial monument and is a type of tomb found only on the island. It was built using the Cyclopean technique, meaning that medium sized stones were used and they were fitted together using a dry stone walling method, with no mortar. During an archaeological dig carried out in the 1960s, led by Menorcan archaeologist María Lluïsa Serra, the scattered skeletons of a hundred individuals of both genders and all ages were discovered, many of which dated back to the 9th century B.C.Naveta des Tudons The Es Tudons naveta is Menorca’s most famous burial monument and is a type of tomb found only on the island. It was built using the Cyclopean technique, meaning that medium sized stones were used and they were fitted together using a dry stone walling method, with no mortar. During an archaeological dig carried out in the 1960s, led by Menorcan archaeologist María Lluïsa Serra, the scattered skeletons of a hundred individuals of both genders and all ages were discovered, many of which dated back to the 9th century B.C.
Detail of the gap that have appeared over time in the naveta roof,
which consists of flat stone slabs.

Inside the naveta. You can see how it is split into two levels separated by stone slabs.

View of the upper chamber of the naveta, showing the different types of stone used to build it: smaller and evenly-shaped for the walls and large flat slabs for the roof and the upper floor.

View of the entrance door from inside the lower chamber. You can see the stone slabs separating the two floors.

Some of the burial goods found in the naveta during archaeological excavation work. They are on display in the Museum of Menorca in Maó.
Read more
 
An emblematic and spectacular prehistoric necropolis, both for its setting and for the large number of tombs in it. They take the form of a set of cavities excavated from the rock walls of the ravines and coastal cliff faces (about 90 altogether), used by local communities to bury their dead. Several types of cave have been documented. The necropolis was used for about 1000 years, from the 11th century B.C. up until the Romans took control.Calescoves necropolis An emblematic and spectacular prehistoric necropolis, both for its setting and for the large number of tombs in it. They take the form of a set of cavities excavated from the rock walls of the ravines and coastal cliff faces (about 90 altogether), used by local communities to bury their dead. Several types of cave have been documented. The necropolis was used for about 1000 years, from the 11th century B.C. up until the Romans took control. Read more
 
The settlement of Trepucó is one of the largest on the island, covering an area of around 49,240 square metres. Today, only a small part of the site can still be seen, the two oldest buildings, the talaiots (1000-700 B.C.). Other remains include parts of the wall, two square towers on the west wall, the taula enclosure and traces of dwellings from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.).Trepucó talayotic settlement The settlement of Trepucó is one of the largest on the island, covering an area of around 49,240 square metres. Today, only a small part of the site can still be seen, the two oldest buildings, the talaiots (1000-700 B.C.). Other remains include parts of the wall, two square towers on the west wall, the taula enclosure and traces of dwellings from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.).
The taula enclosure is one of the biggest on the island, despite having been subjected to what, by today’s standards, would be considered clumsy restoration work. This is one of the sites excavated around 1930 by Margaret Murray, a British archaeologist who was a pioneer of scientific research on Prehistoric Menorca.
Read more
 
The Municipal Museum of Ciutadella – Bastió de sa Font, is a general history and archaeological museum with a permanent exhibition on the history of Ciutadella and of the island itself from prehistoric times through to the Muslim era and the arrival of king Alfonso III in 1287. Visitors can take a tour through the island's various historical periods, represented by the archaeological remains and artefacts on display.
The Historic and Artistic Museum of Ciutadella was officially opened in 1935 on the ground floor of the Town Hall. Municipal Museum of Ciutadella The Municipal Museum of Ciutadella – Bastió de sa Font, is a general history and archaeological museum with a permanent exhibition on the history of Ciutadella and of the island itself from prehistoric times through to the Muslim era and the arrival of king Alfonso III in 1287. Visitors can take a tour through the island's various historical periods, represented by the archaeological remains and artefacts on display. The Historic and Artistic Museum of Ciutadella was officially opened in 1935 on the ground floor of the Town Hall. Read more
 
Torre d’en Galmés is the largest settlement in Menorca, covering 66,240 m2. Its hilltop location made it the ideal spot for keeping watch over the land on most of the island's south coast. In chronological terms, it was occupied from the Naviforme period (1700-1400 B.C.), and you can still see an underground chamber from this period near the area where water was collected, right through until the late Roman era, although some remains have been found from the Islamic era (12th century A.D.). Torre d'en Galmés talayotic settlement Torre d’en Galmés is the largest settlement in Menorca, covering 66,240 m2. Its hilltop location made it the ideal spot for keeping watch over the land on most of the island's south coast. In chronological terms, it was occupied from the Naviforme period (1700-1400 B.C.), and you can still see an underground chamber from this period near the area where water was collected, right through until the late Roman era, although some remains have been found from the Islamic era (12th century A.D.).
The site consists of a public area, with three talaiots (1000-700 B.C.) standing on top of the hill, plus the taula enclosure next to the middle talaiot, dating from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.). The capital of this taula was re-used as a tombstone in the late Roman or medieval period. An archaeological dig carried out in 1974 unearthed a bronze Egyptian figure of the god Imhotep, now displayed in the Museum of Menorca together with other ritual objects found on the site. The figure was most likely acquired between the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C.
Read more
 
Torretrencada is a Talayotic settlement (1000-700 B.C.) that was occupied until the Roman conquest in 123 B.C. Several of its monuments can still be seen. They include the talayot a seriest of artificial burial caves dug out of the rocky ground and burial chambers carved in the rock, probably dating from the high medieval period. The taula is one of the most beautiful on the island, with a reinforcement pillar at the back, but all that is left of the surrounding wall is a section underneath the modern dry-stone wall. The site dates back to the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.) and was used by the community for performing rituals.Torretrencada talayotic settlement Torretrencada is a Talayotic settlement (1000-700 B.C.) that was occupied until the Roman conquest in 123 B.C. Several of its monuments can still be seen. They include the talayot a seriest of artificial burial caves dug out of the rocky ground and burial chambers carved in the rock, probably dating from the high medieval period. The taula is one of the most beautiful on the island, with a reinforcement pillar at the back, but all that is left of the surrounding wall is a section underneath the modern dry-stone wall. The site dates back to the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.) and was used by the community for performing rituals. Read more
 
Talatí de Dalt is one of the island's most significant prehistoric settlements. It consists of various monuments: an elliptical-shaped conical talaiot, a taula enclosure, an area with dwellings and some caves.Talatí de Dalt talayotic settlement Talatí de Dalt is one of the island's most significant prehistoric settlements. It consists of various monuments: an elliptical-shaped conical talaiot, a taula enclosure, an area with dwellings and some caves.
The taula enclosure at Talatí de Dalt is one of the largest and most beautiful in Menorca. It has an unusual aspec, as the pillar and its capital are leaning against the side edge of the centre T, probably because they fell over accidentally. In the 1960s, an archaeological dig documented the characteristic objects used in the rituals held at these sites in the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.), including evidence of fire, the remains of the bones of lambs and kid goats, plus amphorae for wine.
Read more
 
The Rafal Rubí navetas are two tombs of the same type as the Naveta des Tudons, but these are smaller and are unusual in that they are very close to one another. They are group burials with a perforated stone slab at the entrance to the inner chamber, which is split into two levels. Of the two navetas, the east one is in better condition, as the front was restored in the late 1960s, when an archaeological dig was also carried out during which burial goods were found, including pottery items, rhomboid-shaped bronze pendants and part of a torc. The west naveta was excavated in 1977 and the human remains found in the upper chamber were dated to 904 B.C.The Rafal Rubí navetas The Rafal Rubí navetas are two tombs of the same type as the Naveta des Tudons, but these are smaller and are unusual in that they are very close to one another. They are group burials with a perforated stone slab at the entrance to the inner chamber, which is split into two levels. Of the two navetas, the east one is in better condition, as the front was restored in the late 1960s, when an archaeological dig was also carried out during which burial goods were found, including pottery items, rhomboid-shaped bronze pendants and part of a torc. The west naveta was excavated in 1977 and the human remains found in the upper chamber were dated to 904 B.C.
The items found are on display in the Museum of Menorca.
Read more
 
Biniac has two circular burial navetas that were used around 1400 B.C. and are from an earlier period than the long rectangular constructions like the Es Tudons and Rafal Rubí navetas. The east naveta was built on bedrock and has only one oval-shaped chamber, accessed via a perforated stone slab. Several slabs that had fallen over were found inside. The west naveta is also oval-shaped and the wall on the south side has dry stone cladding, clearly added at a later date.Biniac - l'Argentina navetas Biniac has two circular burial navetas that were used around 1400 B.C. and are from an earlier period than the long rectangular constructions like the Es Tudons and Rafal Rubí navetas. The east naveta was built on bedrock and has only one oval-shaped chamber, accessed via a perforated stone slab. Several slabs that had fallen over were found inside. The west naveta is also oval-shaped and the wall on the south side has dry stone cladding, clearly added at a later date. Read more
 
  Next


 
Related links
Recommendations
Cultural Events
Veus per Sant Joan del VergersNit de Sant AntoniTaller documental: DOC- MÈDITEnsemble MéridienSergio Dalma returns to the Principal theatre
Mahón MedievalExhibition: "Eines i feines de Camp""Vino y Besos a crédito""Mostra de cuina menorquina"Concert: Anthony WellingtonDon Juan Tenorio“Soldier’s Tale” (Igor Stravinsky)Els EnamoratsMostra de Cuina MenorquinaGigi McFarlane in concertXXVI Escuela de Salud Pública de MenorcaJam Session con Viat Jam - AKELARRE JAZZ DANCEFidewá + Dj Flowers ConcertConcert: Pau Cardona, violonchcehello and Ulyana Popovych, pianoLazareto guided tours 2015 "L'alegria que passa" & "Lord of the flies"Café Soul Quartet"Joana Pons amb ses guitarres" ConcertFridays lent menu!Siniestro TotalGran MigjornaleROSANA- Gira 8 LunasUIMIR Course: Diseño y elaboración de Webquest, una propuesta para integrar las TIC en el aulaLazareto guided toursCor de l'Orfeó MaonèsChristmas program in Es MigjornVandalis"Vesprades d'Art des Mercadal"Christmas program in Es CastellJungle Book, the musicalDavid Bisbal in concertThe Mimmisikous BandMenorca Aim: Photography WorkshopKiko VenenoKayak tour in s'Albufera des GrauGuided tour in s'Albufera des Grau3, 2, 1 IMPRO con IMPRO XOU en AKELARRE JAZZ DANCEConvert: Kiev PortellMenorca Craft beer fair Red ArrowsSpanish Guitar RecitalsCelebration of the National Day of Andalucia 2015Víctor Ullate BalletMÈDIT, Festival de Cinema Mediterrani de MenorcaGastronomic Fair "GastroMô"Seminar: "EL clima del segle XXI"Concert: Rita BarberLlatzeret a les teves mans. The Anniversary of Lazareto. Don't miss out!Christmas ConcertUIMIR Course: El turismo arqueológico, un nicho de turismo especializado en el MediterráneoOpera ConcertMaó+ FlorsExhibition: "Menorca Contemporània"UIMIR: "Emprendimiento innovador, microempresa y empleabilidad en red"Deep Purple TributeConcert: Josu OkiñenaMotorbreath- Tributo a MetálicaSilvia Pérez Cruz and Raül Fernandez MiróShow: "Novecento, el so italià al cinema"Tapas x MenorcaBerto Romero en Sigue con nosotrosGastronomic days in es Mercadal & FornellsCala en Porter FiestasII Menorcan Lamb special gastronomic daysEquestrian Show Somni de Menorca TalaiòticaInternational Museum Day"Cantam nadales amb Cap Pela"Concert: "De Camí a Betlem"Què ens està passant?El superbarber de SevillaCruz y Raya+ Flamenco ShowMiguel Poveda, singer-song writerVilallonga-PalatchiChristmas program in Alaior"Aprende a guiar rutas de esnórquel" CourseDance: "Para raptar abarzos"Exhibition "Like no place else. Menorca and tourism 1911-2017""Diada del poble de Menorca"Cenicienta"Dimarts as Migjorn"Fort Marlborough Visit"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"Tomeu Penya concertGospel GrooveThe Billy Young Band- AC&DC TributeMahón walking tourPainting Exhibition: A. López NavarroJoan Mesquida Jazz QuartetFlamenco with Dani Morón, Alejandro de Jerez, Jeranys Pérez and Víctor Méndez"Nits al Port""Nits Màgiques" in Es CastellMarili Machado: una voz, un mar de vidasTapas x MenorcaGuided visits in Centre Artesal de MenorcaChristmas program in Es Mercadal and FornellsEl Trocadero"De Llevant a Ponent" - MaóMusic on the streetChristmas program in FerreriesFull Moon Concert in Torre d'en Galmés Spring ConcertWorld Dance DayChristmas program in Mahón 2013/2014Chamber orchestra "Illa de Menorca"Concert: "Estàndards amb GlacéMoon RiverConcert of Light OperaConcert: Banda de Música des Migjorn GranXXV Escuela de Salud Pública de MenorcaSara Pi in concertTUTTO VERDI ConcertTremendamenteU2 ExperienceXI Tapas Route in Es CastellPablo Alborán in concertCarmen MorenteLatin-jazz and sour concert"Vi de la Terra" FairII Forum Menorca- Mario AlonsoPNA 2012 + C'M = Artesania ContemporàniaGastronomic days: "de Peix""Orfeó-Chef" & "Sueño de una noche de verano"Feria de Abril in Es CastellOpera and Light Opera concert"El pou de na Patarrà" ConcertLa IAIA in concertLove of Lesbian in concertGastronomic days in Es MercadalSmooth SoulSofia Ribeiro GroupForum ONLINERS- MenorcaSouvenir Orquestra- Pepino PascualElkano Browning CreamNits de Música al CarrerConcert: Joana Pons i Ses Guiterres"Els dimecres es dia de Brou"Organ concert"Interestelando, el polvo del camino para nunca morir" ShowThe best Tribute to QueenWorld Tourism DayThe Nutcracker SuiteBroadway Festival Alaior 2013Pels PèlsKayak tour in s'Albufera des GrauKnowing the sea kayakingConcert: Margalida MollGastronomic days: "Peix de Menorca"Taller: Les plantes medicinals. Per una bona salut física i emocionalRosario Flores in concertMusica Reservata and Juan de la RubiaXVIII Menorcan Horse Breed Fair"Herodes, Rei"Conference with Ramon GenerGuided Visits around Es MercadalFernando Savater"Ilusión"La Vie, L'amour concertMIRA EL CEL I ESCOLTA... L'ALÈ D'UN POBLEExhibition: "Joan Miró: La luz de la noche"Muchachito y sus compadresTaller documental: DOC- MÈDITConcert: Lluis Sintes"Nits de música al carrer" 2015Agustín "El Casta"Dimarts as MigjornAlaireEs Migjorn Band concertDon Juan TenorioConcert: Quintet FrontelaFornells Walking tour"Música Oberta": Concert with Belén Roig- soprano and Husan Park-pianistDavid Guapo"Els dimecres es dia de Brou"Vaca' Street ArtChristmas program in Sant Lluis 2013/2014Dolça Sodoma meva"Cosmètica natural artesana"Menorca ConquestLove Party 2013"Opera Armónica al estilo Italiano"Concert: "Txarango"Mèdit 6-Mediterranean Film Festival of MenorcaJaume Tugores Trios concertHistoric Performance Cultural RouteConcert: Olga RománCiutadella walking tourViejóvenesCarlos Latre ShowNight Market in FerreriesX Anniversary Celebration "Art in Moviment"Spanish guitar recitals"Fira del Llibre en català"Music & Painting Fusion IIForum de Turismo y GastronomíaTourism International DayPainting exhibition "The Seas Islands"1st POP-ROCK SHOW-Fetival Menorca 2014World Tourism Day"Cafe Concert"The British FairAlbert Pla & Diego CortésJoana Pons y sus guitarras concertHistoric Performance Cultural RouteTaller: Ocells de tardorLUZ CASAL in concert"Las dunas""Aladín, Un musical genial" Stabat Mater i Quintet de CordaMagic Show: IlusiónShow cooking: "Peix de Menorca"ABBEY ROAD - THE BEATLES SHOWConcert: "Veus líriques de Menorca"Olivia y EugenioMercat de nit - FerreriesNON STOP GospelRepresentació històrica Ruta Cultural - Menorca BritánicaConcert: Olga RománConcert: Nicola Benedetti, violinConcert: "Trio Barroc"Christmas ConcertRecital Lírico a beneficio de la Fundación Vicente Ferrer"Menorca en el Plato"13th Night Market CraftsmanMenorca Aim: Photography WorkshopGospel Concert: Moments a CorMostra de cuina menorquina Fira del Camp de Menorca" Empresa turística y contratación: una visión práctica" CourseJosé Domingo in concertTapas x MenorcaMonologue: Sara EscuderoLazareto Island guided visits 2013"Nits al Port de Mo"David Russell in concert"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"Taxi S'Albufera des Grau walking tour Illes Balears celebration day 2015Durny Sweet in concertJornadas Gastronómicas "Menu Km 0"New Year ConcertNight Market in AlaiorRamon Coll ConcertMercat de nit artesà- AlaiorHeidiCarmen"Els dimecres es dia de Brou"Pascuala Ilabaca y Faunat in concertDe Verden CuandoConcert: "Un Nadal clàssic"New Year ConcertBodas de Sangre"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"Cris Juanico ConcertIX Feria del Libro en CatalánConcert: "Dues Pedres"El pou de na Patarrà"El dia Més Curt"Concert: "Trio Barroc"I Jornadas Gastronómicas de carne de cordero de MenorcaChamber Music Orchestra of the Island of Menorca (OCIM)MenorkidsPedra Viva 2015- Lithica"Doce hombres sin piedad"II Ruta Mô de "tapas""Viaje a la Luna"- Circo Gran FeleCarlos Mena and Susana García de SalazarOpen Doors Day at Fort MarlboroughLa plaza del Diamante con LolitaSherlock Holmes y el cuadro mágico"Vuelta y Vuelta" returns to PrincipalThe GagfatherSummer Concert"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"Concert conjunt Coral Espígol i Cor de l'Orfeó MaonèsChristmas program in MahónFrancesc d'Albarnca 2014 RouteParty Love in Sant Climent"Nostálgico Café Teatro Salón"Show: "Sa Xaranga des Xubec"Carmen Morente, bailaoraChamber orchestra "Illa de Menorca"Christmas program in Ferreries 2013/2014 "Un Nadal amb Música" ConcertTrio "Arrels"II Forum Menorca- Toni NadalUIMIR Course: "La conservación de la biodiversidad"M-SONA FestivalDivinas presenta ParadísTapas dayAndrea Motis & Joan Chamorro GroupHécubaShanti & Joan Mesquida Big Band: Night and dayCiutadella Monuments ItinerayTrending Tronching, with Leo Harlem & Sergio OlallaMarinaEl Estanque DoradoThe Royal Russell School Chamber Choir in concertPoetry recital in tribute to Angel Ruiz and PabloMarina Rossell in concertPatricia KrausAmantes"Domini Públic"- Roger Benat/FFFQuartet GerhardEdgar and Adrian German Plain, poetic jazz improvisationPOP ConcertYacine & The Oriental Groove in concertConcert: RUT66The Billy Young Band- AC/DC TributeChristmas program in Es Migjnorn Gran 2013Christmas program in Alaior 2013/2014"Mascles"Exhibition: "L'Art comença amb els teus ulls"Concert: Dulce Pontes"De Llevant a Ponent" - CiutadellaConcert: Maria Camps i Pere ArguimbauTheater: Tres días de diciembreDía Mundial de la TapaRita Barber concertChristmas program in Es Castell 2013/2014VII "TROBADA BALEAR DE VEHICULOS ANTIGUOS""Moments a Cor" concertCala en Porter Fiestas Tapas x MenorcaPink Floyd- Live Experience ConecertLa núvia d’AlgendarLa Bella Helena" SA CARTA "Un món de sonsCabosanroque- Cabo and RoqueMatthew McDaid in concertContemporary Jazz ConcertBinisound"Menorca en el plato"Opera: La TraviataConcert: El Bel Canto de Mariola Cantarero and Simón OrfilaSanti Millán Live!Concert: Arrels de Menorca
More...
Menorca Cultural
 
 
THE WEATHER IN MENORCA
VIDEOS OF MENORCA
THE WEATHER IN MENORCA
FOLLOW US ON