about
Information about Menorca
explore
Things to see and do
information
Information of general interest
Buscar
Ingles
Español Catalán Alemán Frances
Minorca Talayotic - World Heritage Nomination
Bienvenidos
Menorca Cultural
Menorca tourism official website
Related links
Recommendations
Cultural Events
Carmen Morente, bailaoraTremendamenteConcert: Margalida MollSeminar: "EL clima del segle XXI"Tapas x Menorca
Recital Lírico a beneficio de la Fundación Vicente FerrerConcert conjunt Coral Espígol i Cor de l'Orfeó MaonèsSara Pi in concertHistoric Performance Cultural RouteCarmen"Dimarts as Migjorn"Gospel Groove"Música Oberta": Concert with Belén Roig- soprano and Husan Park-pianistPoetry recital in tribute to Angel Ruiz and PabloThe Nutcracker SuiteBinisoundChristmas program in Ferreries 2013/2014IX Feria del Libro en CatalánCala en Porter Fiestas Musica Reservata and Juan de la RubiaMenorca ConquestPatricia KrausMercat de nit artesà- AlaiorQuartet GerhardChristmas program in Es Castell 2013/2014"Nits de música al carrer" 2015Stabat Mater i Quintet de CordaChristmas program in Es Mercadal and FornellsConcert: Lluis SintesConcert: Rita BarberDavid Bisbal in concertGigi McFarlane in concertDe Verden CuandoTapas x MenorcaWorld Tourism Day "L'alegria que passa" & "Lord of the flies""Diada del poble de Menorca"Elkano Browning CreamHécubaOpera and Light Opera concertSherlock Holmes y el cuadro mágicoEl Estanque DoradoLazareto Island guided visits 2013Fornells Walking tourTrending Tronching, with Leo Harlem & Sergio OlallaCor de l'Orfeó Maonès"Cantam nadales amb Cap Pela"Spring ConcertMotorbreath- Tributo a MetálicaChristmas ConcertMenorca Craft beer fair Mahón MedievalSummer ConcertExhibition: "L'Art comença amb els teus ulls"Show: "Novecento, el so italià al cinema"New Year ConcertDía Mundial de la TapaTapas x MenorcaBodas de SangreNight Market in FerreriesXVIII Menorcan Horse Breed FairSiniestro Total1st POP-ROCK SHOW-Fetival Menorca 2014II Forum Menorca- Toni NadalThe British FairRita Barber concert"Cafe Concert"Concert: Arrels de MenorcaLa IAIA in concertConcert: "Trio Barroc"Fidewá + Dj Flowers Concert"Vuelta y Vuelta" returns to PrincipalPels PèlsSouvenir Orquestra- Pepino Pascual"Aladín, Un musical genial" Representació històrica Ruta Cultural - Menorca BritánicaJoan Mesquida Jazz QuartetMercat de nit - FerreriesLUZ CASAL in concertSergio Dalma returns to the Principal theatreThe Billy Young Band- AC&DC TributeTaller documental: DOC- MÈDITVeus per Sant Joan del VergersChristmas program in MahónOpera: La Traviata"De Llevant a Ponent" - MaóUn món de sonsExhibition: "Eines i feines de Camp""Fira del Llibre en català""El dia Més Curt"Fort Marlborough VisitXXV Escuela de Salud Pública de MenorcaKayak tour in s'Albufera des GrauGastronomic days in Es MercadalXI Tapas Route in Es CastellSanti Millán Live!Dolça Sodoma mevaPedra Viva 2015- LithicaU2 ExperienceGastronomic days in es Mercadal & FornellsAlaior's Air-raid shelters visitsJosé Domingo in concertMonologue: Sara EscuderoCiutadella walking tourEs Migjorn Band concertConcert: Olga Román "Un Nadal amb Música" ConcertGastronomic days: "de Peix"Amantes"Mostra de cuina menorquina"Flamenco with Dani Morón, Alejandro de Jerez, Jeranys Pérez and Víctor MéndezRed ArrowsMatthew McDaid in concertBerto Romero en Sigue con nosotros"Domini Públic"- Roger Benat/FFFContemporary Jazz Concert"Quatre Passeigs per Maó""Vino y Besos a crédito"El TrocaderoMarina Rossell in concertForum de Turismo y GastronomíaPOP ConcertDance: "Para raptar abarzos"Cris Juanico ConcertLa núvia d’AlgendarMèdit 6-Mediterranean Film Festival of Menorca"Viaje a la Luna"- Circo Gran FeleShow cooking: "Peix de Menorca"ABBEY ROAD - THE BEATLES SHOWParty Love in Sant ClimentMostra de cuina menorquinaKnowing the sea kayaking“Soldier’s Tale” (Igor Stravinsky)"Nits al Port"CenicientaConcert: "Veus líriques de Menorca"Smooth SoulXXVI Escuela de Salud Pública de MenorcaJornadas Gastronómicas "Menu Km 0"Els EnamoratsChristmas program in Es Migjorn"Moments a Cor" concert"Herodes, Rei"TaxiThe Royal Russell School Chamber Choir in concertCarlos Mena and Susana García de SalazarUIMIR Course: Diseño y elaboración de Webquest, una propuesta para integrar las TIC en el aulaTaller documental: DOC- MÈDITConcert: "Txarango"Guided Visits around Es MercadalFernando SavaterBroadway Festival Alaior 2013Miguel Poveda, singer-song writerTapas x MenorcaEdgar and Adrian German Plain, poetic jazz improvisationM-SONA FestivalDimarts as MigjornJoana Pons y sus guitarras concertCiutadella Monuments ItinerayShow: "Sa Xaranga des Xubec" Illes Balears celebration day 2015Celebration of the National Day of Andalucia 2015Jaume Tugores Trios concertVaca' Street Art"Menorca en el Plato"Music & Painting Fusion IIAlbert Pla & Diego Cortés"Doce hombres sin piedad"Carmen MorentePNA 2012 + C'M = Artesania Contemporània"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"Marina"Els dimecres es dia de Brou"HeidiGran MigjornaleDivinas presenta ParadísAlaireCafé Soul QuartetViejóvenesExhibition: "Joan Miró: La luz de la noche"13th Night Market CraftsmanNits de Música al CarrerOrgan concert"Vi de la Terra" Fair"De Llevant a Ponent" - CiutadellaUIMIR Course: "La conservación de la biodiversidad"Fridays lent menu!Concert: Banda de Música des Migjorn GranForum ONLINERS- MenorcaPink Floyd- Live Experience ConecertLatin-jazz and sour concertConcert: Joana Pons i Ses GuiterresLazareto guided tours 2015Christmas ConcertSpanish guitar recitalsDavid Russell in concert"Nostálgico Café Teatro Salón"La Vie, L'amour concertEquestrian Show Somni de Menorca TalaiòticaChristmas program in Sant Lluis 2013/2014"Mascles"UIMIR Course: El turismo arqueológico, un nicho de turismo especializado en el MediterráneoEl pou de na PatarràTheater: Tres días de diciembreConcert: Dulce PontesOlivia y EugenioSofia Ribeiro Group"Ilusión"Concert: "De Camí a Betlem"Carlos Latre Show"Menorca en el plato"Historic Performance Cultural RouteGastronomic Fair "GastroMô""Nits Màgiques" in Es CastellConcert: Olga RománChamber orchestra "Illa de Menorca"Full Moon Concert in Torre d'en Galmés Kayak tour in s'Albufera des GrauChristmas program in Alaior 2013/2014II Ruta Mô de "tapas"Concert: Nicola Benedetti, violinThe Gagfather" Empresa turística y contratación: una visión práctica" CoursePablo Alborán in concertMahón walking tour"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"MIRA EL CEL I ESCOLTA... L'ALÈ D'UN POBLE"Aprende a guiar rutas de esnórquel" CoursePainting exhibition "The Seas Islands"UIMIR: "Emprendimiento innovador, microempresa y empleabilidad en red"Concert: "Trio Barroc"Taller: Ocells de tardorOpera ConcertConcert: Anthony WellingtonMoon RiverLa plaza del Diamante con Lolita" SA CARTA "Tourism International DayROSANA- Gira 8 LunasShanti & Joan Mesquida Big Band: Night and dayGastronomic days: "Peix de Menorca"Chamber Music Orchestra of the Island of Menorca (OCIM)Christmas program in AlaiorPainting Exhibition: A. López NavarroII Menorcan Lamb special gastronomic daysConcert: Pau Cardona, violonchcehello and Ulyana Popovych, pianoVilallonga-PalatchiCabosanroque- Cabo and RoqueLove of Lesbian in concertMarili Machado: una voz, un mar de vidas"Las dunas"TUTTO VERDI ConcertNit de Sant AntoniConvert: Kiev PortellQuè ens està passant?"Opera Armónica al estilo Italiano""Orfeó-Chef" & "Sueño de una noche de verano"David GuapoMÈDIT, Festival de Cinema Mediterrani de MenorcaYacine & The Oriental Groove in concertTomeu Penya concertVII "TROBADA BALEAR DE VEHICULOS ANTIGUOS"World Tourism DayMenorkidsRosario Flores in concertGuided tour in s'Albufera des GrauThe best Tribute to QueenMagic Show: IlusiónOpen Doors Day at Fort MarlboroughI Jornadas Gastronómicas de carne de cordero de MenorcaThe Mimmisikous Band"Nits al Port de Mo""Cosmètica natural artesana"Andrea Motis & Joan Chamorro GroupLa Bella Helena S'Albufera des Grau walking tourDon Juan TenorioVíctor Ullate BalletGospel Concert: Moments a CorFeria de Abril in Es CastellDurny Sweet in concertChristmas program in Es Migjnorn Gran 2013Concert: Maria Camps i Pere ArguimbauConcert: "Un Nadal clàssic"Cala en Porter FiestasJam Session con Viat Jam - AKELARRE JAZZ DANCEConference with Ramon GenerDon Juan TenorioVandalisAgustín "El Casta"Spanish Guitar RecitalsSilvia Pérez Cruz and Raül Fernandez MiróWorld Dance DayExhibition: "Menorca Contemporània"Concert: RUT66Mostra de Cuina MenorquinaPascuala Ilabaca y Faunat in concertConcert: "Dues Pedres"Concert: "Estàndards amb Glacé"Joana Pons amb ses guitarres" ConcertChristmas program in Mahón 2013/2014Tapas dayLove Party 2013Music on the streetCruz y Raya+ Flamenco ShowNON STOP GospelTaller: Les plantes medicinals. Per una bona salut física i emocionalII Forum Menorca- Mario AlonsoKiko VenenoConcert: El Bel Canto de Mariola Cantarero and Simón OrfilaShot with a sling in La MolaChamber orchestra "Illa de Menorca""Quatre Passeigs per Maó"Concert: Quintet Frontela"Els dimecres es dia de Brou"El superbarber de SevillaMuchachito y sus compadresMenorca Aim: Photography WorkshopNight Market in Alaior"El pou de na Patarrà" ConcertFrancesc d'Albarnca 2014 Route3, 2, 1 IMPRO con IMPRO XOU en AKELARRE JAZZ DANCEThe Billy Young Band- AC/DC Tribute Fira del Camp de MenorcaChristmas program in FerreriesX Anniversary Celebration "Art in Moviment"Ensemble MéridienChristmas program in Es CastellNew Year ConcertJungle Book, the musicalTrio "Arrels"Ramon Coll ConcertConcert of Light OperaMenorca Aim: Photography WorkshopDeep Purple Tribute"Vesprades d'Art des Mercadal"Maó+ FlorsConcert: Josu Okiñena"Interestelando, el polvo del camino para nunca morir" Show
More...
Menorca Cultural
Share:   Publicar en facebook  Publicar en twitter

Talayotic Route

The earliest traces of human occupation date from 2100 B.C. Since that time up to the arrival of the Romans in 123 B.C., the island’s Prehistory unfolded in various stages. One of Menorca's most emblematic buildings, found only on the island, are the “navetas”, collective burial monuments containing up to a hundred individuals together with their grave goods, like the Es Tudons naveta near Ciutadella, with remains dating back mainly to the 9th century B.C. The “talayots”, conical dry stone towers, were built between 1000 and 700 B.C. Their main purpose was to keep watch over the surrounding area, as well as to provide a focal point for the communities living around them. During this time, known as the Talayotic period, burial caves were dug out of the cliffs in coves and ravines like the Calascoves necropolis near Alaior. The oldest are small, rounded or oval-shaped and are located in elevated areas that are difficult to reach. The post-Talayotic period started in 650 B.C. This was the time when the “taula” sanctuaries, Menorca’s most unique and distinctive constructions, were built. The enclosures are built on a horseshoe-shaped base with a concave front. They were used for human and soil fertility rituals, involving the sacrifice of domestic animals, wine libations and the symbolic breakage of amphorae.
Evidence shows that fire played a ritual and symbolic role in all these monuments. The circular houses built in the settlements were about 75-79 square metres in size. The largest known dwelling of this kind is the “Círculo Cartailhac” in the Torre d'en Galmés settlement in Alaior and dates from the 2nd century B.C. The occupants cooked, did their weaving, made cheese and milled cereal all under the same roof. The houses consisted of a central patio area, rooms with dividing doorways, a fireplace and a larder. They were built from large blocks of stone and the roof was made of wooden beams, earth and small stones. The building attached to one side of the houses is known as the hypostyle room because of the huge interlinked stone slabs forming the roof and held up by pillars. It was used as a store.
The islanders made their own handcrafted pottery using rudimentary ovens and they also produced bronze tools and utensils. They did not use coins for trading and they left no markings or rock paintings. They had no use for gold or silver as their most valuable items were made of bronze and iron. In their earliest period they built strong trading bonds with Central Europe and later with commercial cities along the Mediterranean coast.


  Next
The Es Tudons naveta is Menorca’s most famous burial monument and is a type of tomb found only on the island. It was built using the Cyclopean technique, meaning that medium sized stones were used and they were fitted together using a dry stone walling method, with no mortar. During an archaeological dig carried out in the 1960s, led by Menorcan archaeologist María Lluïsa Serra, the scattered skeletons of a hundred individuals of both genders and all ages were discovered, many of which dated back to the 9th century B.C.Naveta des Tudons The Es Tudons naveta is Menorca’s most famous burial monument and is a type of tomb found only on the island. It was built using the Cyclopean technique, meaning that medium sized stones were used and they were fitted together using a dry stone walling method, with no mortar. During an archaeological dig carried out in the 1960s, led by Menorcan archaeologist María Lluïsa Serra, the scattered skeletons of a hundred individuals of both genders and all ages were discovered, many of which dated back to the 9th century B.C.
Detail of the gap that have appeared over time in the naveta roof,
which consists of flat stone slabs.

Inside the naveta. You can see how it is split into two levels separated by stone slabs.

View of the upper chamber of the naveta, showing the different types of stone used to build it: smaller and evenly-shaped for the walls and large flat slabs for the roof and the upper floor.

View of the entrance door from inside the lower chamber. You can see the stone slabs separating the two floors.

Some of the burial goods found in the naveta during archaeological excavation work. They are on display in the Museum of Menorca in Maó.
Read more
 
An emblematic and spectacular prehistoric necropolis, both for its setting and for the large number of tombs in it. They take the form of a set of cavities excavated from the rock walls of the ravines and coastal cliff faces (about 90 altogether), used by local communities to bury their dead. Several types of cave have been documented. The necropolis was used for about 1000 years, from the 11th century B.C. up until the Romans took control.Calescoves necropolis An emblematic and spectacular prehistoric necropolis, both for its setting and for the large number of tombs in it. They take the form of a set of cavities excavated from the rock walls of the ravines and coastal cliff faces (about 90 altogether), used by local communities to bury their dead. Several types of cave have been documented. The necropolis was used for about 1000 years, from the 11th century B.C. up until the Romans took control. Read more
 
The settlement of Trepucó is one of the largest on the island, covering an area of around 49,240 square metres. Today, only a small part of the site can still be seen, the two oldest buildings, the talaiots (1000-700 B.C.). Other remains include parts of the wall, two square towers on the west wall, the taula enclosure and traces of dwellings from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.).Trepucó talayotic settlement The settlement of Trepucó is one of the largest on the island, covering an area of around 49,240 square metres. Today, only a small part of the site can still be seen, the two oldest buildings, the talaiots (1000-700 B.C.). Other remains include parts of the wall, two square towers on the west wall, the taula enclosure and traces of dwellings from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.).
The taula enclosure is one of the biggest on the island, despite having been subjected to what, by today’s standards, would be considered clumsy restoration work. This is one of the sites excavated around 1930 by Margaret Murray, a British archaeologist who was a pioneer of scientific research on Prehistoric Menorca.
Read more
 
The Municipal Museum of Ciutadella – Bastió de sa Font, is a general history and archaeological museum with a permanent exhibition on the history of Ciutadella and of the island itself from prehistoric times through to the Muslim era and the arrival of king Alfonso III in 1287. Visitors can take a tour through the island's various historical periods, represented by the archaeological remains and artefacts on display.
The Historic and Artistic Museum of Ciutadella was officially opened in 1935 on the ground floor of the Town Hall. Municipal Museum of Ciutadella The Municipal Museum of Ciutadella – Bastió de sa Font, is a general history and archaeological museum with a permanent exhibition on the history of Ciutadella and of the island itself from prehistoric times through to the Muslim era and the arrival of king Alfonso III in 1287. Visitors can take a tour through the island's various historical periods, represented by the archaeological remains and artefacts on display. The Historic and Artistic Museum of Ciutadella was officially opened in 1935 on the ground floor of the Town Hall. Read more
 
Torre d’en Galmés is the largest settlement in Menorca, covering 66,240 m2. Its hilltop location made it the ideal spot for keeping watch over the land on most of the island's south coast. In chronological terms, it was occupied from the Naviforme period (1700-1400 B.C.), and you can still see an underground chamber from this period near the area where water was collected, right through until the late Roman era, although some remains have been found from the Islamic era (12th century A.D.). Torre d'en Galmés talayotic settlement Torre d’en Galmés is the largest settlement in Menorca, covering 66,240 m2. Its hilltop location made it the ideal spot for keeping watch over the land on most of the island's south coast. In chronological terms, it was occupied from the Naviforme period (1700-1400 B.C.), and you can still see an underground chamber from this period near the area where water was collected, right through until the late Roman era, although some remains have been found from the Islamic era (12th century A.D.).
The site consists of a public area, with three talaiots (1000-700 B.C.) standing on top of the hill, plus the taula enclosure next to the middle talaiot, dating from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.). The capital of this taula was re-used as a tombstone in the late Roman or medieval period. An archaeological dig carried out in 1974 unearthed a bronze Egyptian figure of the god Imhotep, now displayed in the Museum of Menorca together with other ritual objects found on the site. The figure was most likely acquired between the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C.
Read more
 
Torretrencada is a Talayotic settlement (1000-700 B.C.) that was occupied until the Roman conquest in 123 B.C. Several of its monuments can still be seen. They include the talayot a seriest of artificial burial caves dug out of the rocky ground and burial chambers carved in the rock, probably dating from the high medieval period. The taula is one of the most beautiful on the island, with a reinforcement pillar at the back, but all that is left of the surrounding wall is a section underneath the modern dry-stone wall. The site dates back to the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.) and was used by the community for performing rituals.Torretrencada talayotic settlement Torretrencada is a Talayotic settlement (1000-700 B.C.) that was occupied until the Roman conquest in 123 B.C. Several of its monuments can still be seen. They include the talayot a seriest of artificial burial caves dug out of the rocky ground and burial chambers carved in the rock, probably dating from the high medieval period. The taula is one of the most beautiful on the island, with a reinforcement pillar at the back, but all that is left of the surrounding wall is a section underneath the modern dry-stone wall. The site dates back to the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.) and was used by the community for performing rituals. Read more
 
Talatí de Dalt is one of the island's most significant prehistoric settlements. It consists of various monuments: an elliptical-shaped conical talaiot, a taula enclosure, an area with dwellings and some caves.Talatí de Dalt talayotic settlement Talatí de Dalt is one of the island's most significant prehistoric settlements. It consists of various monuments: an elliptical-shaped conical talaiot, a taula enclosure, an area with dwellings and some caves.
The taula enclosure at Talatí de Dalt is one of the largest and most beautiful in Menorca. It has an unusual aspec, as the pillar and its capital are leaning against the side edge of the centre T, probably because they fell over accidentally. In the 1960s, an archaeological dig documented the characteristic objects used in the rituals held at these sites in the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.), including evidence of fire, the remains of the bones of lambs and kid goats, plus amphorae for wine.
Read more
 
The Rafal Rubí navetas are two tombs of the same type as the Naveta des Tudons, but these are smaller and are unusual in that they are very close to one another. They are group burials with a perforated stone slab at the entrance to the inner chamber, which is split into two levels. Of the two navetas, the east one is in better condition, as the front was restored in the late 1960s, when an archaeological dig was also carried out during which burial goods were found, including pottery items, rhomboid-shaped bronze pendants and part of a torc. The west naveta was excavated in 1977 and the human remains found in the upper chamber were dated to 904 B.C.The Rafal Rubí navetas The Rafal Rubí navetas are two tombs of the same type as the Naveta des Tudons, but these are smaller and are unusual in that they are very close to one another. They are group burials with a perforated stone slab at the entrance to the inner chamber, which is split into two levels. Of the two navetas, the east one is in better condition, as the front was restored in the late 1960s, when an archaeological dig was also carried out during which burial goods were found, including pottery items, rhomboid-shaped bronze pendants and part of a torc. The west naveta was excavated in 1977 and the human remains found in the upper chamber were dated to 904 B.C.
The items found are on display in the Museum of Menorca.
Read more
 
This is an underground construction dug into the rock or subsoil and used as a burial chamber. The Torre del Ram site features an elongated chamber, one of the types of tomb used during the Naviforme period (1700-1400 B.C.). The chamber measures almost 9 metres in length, with a bench raised up from the ground along the entire perimeter. Access is via a stepped corridor.Torre del Ram burial chamber This is an underground construction dug into the rock or subsoil and used as a burial chamber. The Torre del Ram site features an elongated chamber, one of the types of tomb used during the Naviforme period (1700-1400 B.C.). The chamber measures almost 9 metres in length, with a bench raised up from the ground along the entire perimeter. Access is via a stepped corridor.
A couple of engravings were found on the walls inside the burial chamber, featuring a schematic representation of boats and other as yet unidentified figures.
Read more
 
  Next


 
 
 
THE WEATHER IN MENORCA
VIDEOS OF MENORCA
THE WEATHER IN MENORCA
FOLLOW US ON